Niagara Falls, Ontario Book 2 in Colour Photos – My Top 11 Picks

Niagara Falls, Ontario Book 2

Niagara Falls Ontario is located along the Niagara Gorge on the western bank of the Niagara River which flows from Lake Erie to Lake Ontario.

In 1853 construction began to build an international suspension bridge over the Niagara Gorge. This brought work and prosperity to the north end of Stamford Township. A shanty-town development was erected to house workers at the base of the bridge. Over the years this became the Village of Elgin. Amalgamation of the Village of Elgin with the Town of Clifton was caused by the economic impact of the Great Western, Erie and Ontario Railways. The prosperous town boasted fifteen grocery stores and twenty saloons and hotels.

Samuel Zimmerman, one of the founding fathers of the city, came from Pennsylvania in 1842 with lots of ambition, and some knowledge of construction. He rebuilt parts of the Welland Canal. Recognizing the importance of railroads, Zimmerman began building railway lines including the Great Western (now Canadian National) from Hamilton. Zimmerman’s company played a role in building the Railway Suspension Bridge across the Niagara River Gorge.

During Zimmerman’s lifetime, there were four small communities within what is now Niagara Falls: Chippawa to the south, Clifton, Drummondville, and Stamford Village in the north.

The majority of the early downtown businesses were located on the lower part of Bridge Street, Erie Avenue and River Road, with a few businesses on Clifton Avenue (now Zimmerman) and Park Street. At the turn of the century, retail activity slowly started to shift to Queen Street where to date some of these firms are still operating. The residences of Queen Street have given way to stores and offices that form the Downtown core we see today.

Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
6590 Dunn Street – Stamford Township Lot 161 was first obtained from the Crown by Haggai Skinner who likely built the earlier cabin. It was Henry Spence’s farm from 1854 to 1885. Mr. Spence came from England in 1834 and was noted for his fine brickwork. In 1893, the house and property were purchased by David Weaver and remained in the Weaver family until 1973. The larger front section of the house was constructed by Drummondville Mason Henry Spence, while the rear wood frame wing was originally a settler’s cabin dating to around 1800. An old brick scullery is also attached to the west side of the cabin and has remnants of an original cauldron and bread oven. A board-and-batten garage was added to the rear by the current owners.
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
4267 Bridge Street – Via Rail Station – Positioned beside the International Railway Bridge, this was the busiest and most prestigious terminal of the Great Western and Grand Trunk Railroads. It serviced the growing tourist trade, and was a popular social center with a restaurant in the east wing. Constructed in the Gothic Revival style favored for rail depots of the Victorian age, it has a hipped gable roof, decorative brick banding and limestone door and window accents. Originally installed in the gable ends were carved barge boards.
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
4310 Queen Street – City Hall – 1866 – For years there was a small balcony over the front entrance and orators spoke to the crowds gathered below. It served as City Hall for Niagara Falls until the new building opened in May 1970.
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
4337 Simcoe Street – multi-sloped roofs, Romanesque style window arches on ground floor, enclosed sun porch above veranda, decorative cornice and brackets, fish scale patterning on chipped gables
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
Zimmerman Avenue – Bank – Mansard roof with dormers, quoining around windows and doors, two-storey oriel windows with stepped parapets
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
4711 Zimmerman Avenue – 1896 – The house served as both the home and office of Dr. James McGarry, and later that of his son, pediatrician Dr. Howard McGarry. Between them, the house was the center of medical care for families in Niagara Falls over the course of nearly ninety years. The home has a corner tower, pressed brick and limestone exterior, and irregular roof line. The large Neo-Classical front porch has rounded columns, frieze and a decorated closed pediment. A surgery was added to the rear of the house in 1905.
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
4761 Zimmerman Avenue – Bampfield Hall – James Bampfield built this second home for his wife Margaret who apparently never liked their first house. For generations it remained the property of the Bampfields as they rose to become one of the most prominent commercial families in Niagara Falls. The house is built primarily in the Gothic Revival style with pointed windows, a jerkinhead roof, and gingerbread trim in the gable ends. Its upper structure exhibits the Second Empire style elements of a mansard roof on the central tower and iron cresting on the roof. The Classical style verandah was a later early 20th century addition.
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
4835 Zimmerman Avenue – Bedham Hall Bed and Breakfast – located on Niagara River two miles from Whirlpool Bridge
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
4268 Morrison Street – two-storey bay window, hipped roof
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
4851 River Road – Doran House – 1886 – Park Place Bed and Breakfast – W.L. Doran and his brother owned the Dominion Suspender Company and Niagara Necktie Factories in town. The house served as an unofficial social club and was the scene of both formal balls and many a wild party. It is in the Queen Anne Revival style. Built of fine cream-colored brick, it has a round corner tower with a conical roof, gable windows of various shapes and a curved verandah with a molded frieze supported by slender columns. To the rear of the house is the original detached coach house.
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
4325 Bampfield Street – Built by local lumber merchant John Merrall, this was the first home of the Bampfield family on their arrival in Clifton in 1860. James Bampfield operated the Great Western Restaurant in the east wing of the railroad station. The house was also reputedly used as a brothel for many years earlier in this century. The house is a unique variant of the Regency Style with a perfectly square plan, tall limestone block walls and a high raised basement. The basement was dynamited out of the underlying bedrock and built in the earth and rubble technique without mortar. The attached rear porch shed and roof dormers are later additions.

Niagara Falls, Ontario Book 1 in Colour Photos – My Top 9 Picks

Niagara Falls, Ontario Book 1

Niagara Falls Ontario is located along the Niagara Falls waterfalls and the Niagara Gorge on the western bank of the Niagara River, which flows from Lake Erie to Lake Ontario. The Niagara River flows over Niagara Falls at this location and creates a natural spectacle that attracts millions of tourists each year. Niagara Falls is about 130 kilometers (81 miles) by road from Toronto, which is across Lake Ontario to the north.

Louis Hennepin, a French priest and missionary, is believed to be the first European to visit the area in the 1670s. Increased settlement in this area took place during and after the American Revolutionary War, when the British Crown made land grants to Loyalists to help them resettle in Upper Canada and provide some compensation for their losses after the United States became independent. Loyalist Robert Land received 200 acres and was one of the first people of European descent to settle in the Niagara Region.

Tourism started in the early nineteenth century. The falls became known as a natural wonder, due in part to paintings by prominent American artists such as Albert Bierstadt. Niagara Falls is the self-proclaimed “honeymoon capital of the world.”

With a plentiful and inexpensive source of hydroelectric power from the waterfalls, many electro-chemical and electro-metallurgical industries located there in the early to mid-20th century.

Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
6145 Corwin Avenue – built in 1876 – Egerton Ryerson Morden built and lived in this house. He operated a successful nursery on ten acres of land that surrounded his home. He specialized in small fruit plants and ornamental trees. The house is an example of board and batten in the Italianate and Stickley styles. It has an irregular “L” shaped plan with a one-storey kitchen and bedroom addition to the rear. It has patterned wood shingles and ornamental roof brackets. The house was relocated from Dorchester Road to Corwin Avenue.
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
6151 Culp Street – This house is an example of Cottage Gothic and was built in 1855. It has a central peaked Gothic gable and a jerkin head roof (a roof having a hipped end truncating a gable). The windows have simple wooden drip caps. The central door opening has a transom and sidelights.
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
6023 Culp Street – John Allen Orchard who owned this house was a prominent member of the Drummondville and Stamford Communities. He came with his father from England in 1836. He purchased Lot 5 on Culp Street in 1856 and the house was built soon after. He served as Township Clerk and Clerk of the Division Court. His nephew Joseph Cadham lived there after his uncle’s death in 1896. Joseph’s daughter Margaret inherited the house and lived there the rest of her life. This house has many features of the Queen Anne Revival style. The house has both decorative and wood shingle finish and clapboard siding. The tower and verandah were probably added later in the 1890s.
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
5982 Culp Street – Francis Sheriff and Thomas Bright started the Niagara Falls Wine Company (Brights Wines) in Toronto in 1874. They moved to Niagara Falls in 1890 to be closer to their major source of grapes. This house was built for Francis Sheriff in 1894 for a cost of $4000.00. It is in the Queen Anne Revival style with an asymmetrical form, deep porch, and an irregular roof line which includes gables, dormers and a turret. The house exterior is brick with decorative cedar shingles on the turret and in the gables. The three-part window in the front gable is an adaptation of the Palladian style; the central section has a round headed window. The large wraparound porch has Tuscan style columns that rest on a brick base topped with a square stone cap.
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
6161 Main Street – “A Night to Remember” Bed & Breakfast – Mary E. Ferguson purchased this lot in 1899 and had this house built for rental purposes. It was built in the Queen Anne Revival style. It has an asymmetrical form with a complex roof. The bay window of the second floor extends to form a third-floor tower with a bell-shaped roof. The wraparound porch features columns and a pediment with intricate scroll work.
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
6248 Main Street – St. Mary’s Nativity of the Holy Mother of God Ukrainian Catholic Church – It was built by the local congregation to celebrate the 1000th anniversary of the Ukrainian people’s conversion to Christianity. The church follows traditional forms of Ukrainian architecture with a central dome over a four-armed cruciform pattern. There are no windows on the lower level as churches were also used as sanctuaries for the villagers when they were attacked by marauding Mongol tribes. St. Mary’s was built using huge white pine logs from northern Ontario.
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
5810 Ferry Street – Stamford Township Hall was erected in 1874. It is now the Niagara Falls History Museum. The hall with its durable hammer dressed limestone construction in its eclectic Italianate styling includes a gabled hip roof with brackets and gingerbread trim, windows of different shape on the first and second storeys, and the main entrance archway with a keystone and voussoirs.
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
5993 Barker Street – Henry Spence (1809-1894) was a successful mason and builder of the Drummondville area. Born in England, he emigrated to Canada with his family in 1817. He had acquired a significant amount of property over the years in what is now central Drummondville. He also owned a homestead farm on Township Lot 161 south of present-day Dunn Street from 1854-1885. The main part of the house has a square stone foundation; there is a rear wing with a gable roof. There is a semi-elliptical transom over the front door, a large three-part parlor window, and a bay window. The front porch with its square tapering support columns is likely an early 20th century addition.
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
5775 Peer Street – John Misener Jr. was born in 1829. He was 26 when he purchased the land on Peer Street from his father. His father, Captain John Misener owned and operated a wagon-making business on the corner of Main Street and Peer Street. John Misener Jr. assumed the wagon-making business after his father’s death in 1855. The house, c. 1855, is in the Ontario Gothic style with a central gable in the roof. The gable window design with a pediment is an adaptation of Italianate form. The field stone wall of the verandah was a later addition. The upper portion of the verandah features elaborate woodwork with turned posts.

Dunnville, Ontario Book 2 and Area in Colour Photos – My Top 14 Picks

Dunnville, Ontario Book 2 and Area

Haldimand County is a municipality on the Niagara Peninsula in Southern Ontario, on the north shore of Lake Erie, and on the Grand River. Haldimand was first created as a county in 1800, from a portion of Norfolk. It was named after the governor of the Province of Quebec Sir Frederick Haldimand. From 1974 to 2000, Haldimand County and Norfolk County were merged to form the Regional Municipality of Haldimand-Norfolk.

The population centers in Haldimand are Caledonia, Dunnville, Hagersville, Jarvis and Cayuga. Most of Haldimand is agricultural land, although some heavy industry, including the Nanticoke Generating Station, is located here. Some of the smaller communities within the municipality are Byng, Canborough, Canfield, Cheapside, Fisherville, Kohler, Lowbanks, Nanticoke, Rainham Centre, Selkirk, South Cayuga, Sweets Corners, and York.

Dunnville is a community near the mouth of Grand River in Haldimand County, and is only a few kilometers from Lake Erie. Dunnville was one of the early thriving centers of Upper Canada and Ontario. Following the American Revolution, a six-mile strip of land on both sides of the Grand River from its mouth to its sources was opened up to settlement by displaced members of the Six Nations Confederacy. The land was granted to the Iroquois tribes by the British to compensate the Confederacy for land lost in the United States during the revolution. The British originally intended the land to remain in the hands of the Indians, but Mohawk Chief Joseph Brant wanted to open it up to settlement in order to create a source of revenue. Brant persuaded the Six Nations to surrender large blocks of land. Many of the early European arrivals were United Empire Loyalists.

South Cayuga lies on the north shore of Lake Erie, ten kilometers east of Dunnville. Initially part of the Six Nations of the Grand River Indian Reserve, the heavy clay soil of South Cayuga Township was well suited to the cultivation of grain, hay, and livestock.

Sweet’s Corners is located on Rainham Road west of South Cayuga.

Kohler was named for the Kohler family, one of many German immigrants who came to the area in the mid-1800s. It is located on County Road 8 south of Cayuga, and north of Rainham Centre.

Jarvis is located near the towns of Simcoe, Cayuga, Port Dover and Hagersville. Jarvis is strategically located at the junction of Highways 3 and 6. Jarvis has some excellent examples of brick architecture. Many of the historic homes were built after 1873. Many of the town’s restaurants and shops are clustered around the intersection of the highways. The majority of the buildings are red brick.

Architectural Photos, Dunnville, Ontario
111 Alder Street – turret
Architectural Photos, Dunnville, Ontario
109 Alder Street – two-story bay window, dormer in attic
Architectural Photos, Dunnville, Ontario
225 Alder Street West – second floor balcony
Photos, Dunnville, Ontario
“Muddy” the mudcat – A mudcat is a form of channel catfish and has long been associated with Dunnville. At over fifty feet in length, this is the largest statue of its kind in the world.
Architectural Photos, Haldimand County, Ontario
6156 Rainham Road, South Cayuga
Architectural Photos, Haldimand County, Ontario
Rainham Road, South Cayuga
Architectural Photos, Haldimand County, Ontario
5330 Rainham Road, Sweet’s Corners – bay window with cornice brackets
Architectural Photos, Haldimand County, Ontario
6027 Rainham Road, Sweet’s Corners – three-story, mansard roof, frontispiece, bay window on side, full-width veranda
Architectural Photos, Haldimand County, Ontario
2191 Lakeshore Road – Gothic – two-story baby window, verge board trim on gables
Architectural Photos, Haldimand County, Ontario
Lakeshore Road – hipped roof, cornice brackets, widows’ walk on rooftop
Architectural Photos, Haldimand County, Ontario
1204 Kohler Road, Kohler – Gothic – verge board trim on gables, bay window
Architectural Photos, Jarvis, Ontario
60 Talbot Street East, Jarvis – Italianate style with frontispiece, triangular pediment, dormers in the attic
Architectural Photos, Jarvis, Ontario
45 Talbot Street, Jarvis – Second Empire style – mansard roof, dormers in roof, single cornice brackets, cornice return on small gables on window dormers
Architectural Photos, Jarvis, Ontario
53 Talbot Street East, Jarvis – Jones-Doughty Residence, one of the oldest homes in Jarvis, built in 1865 by local builders with the bricks supplied by the local Rodgers Brick Yard, is a polychromatic brick house with hints of Italianate styling as seen in the hip roof, round-headed windows, paired brackets, and window arches. Decorative brick patterning is found in the entry porch, at the wall corners and cornice, and above and below the windows. In the entry doorway, arched sidelights flank both the door and transom. The inner door has a large glass panel, sidelights and transom. Iron rods pass through the house to help stabilize it.

Dunnville, Ontario Book 1 in Colour Photos – My Top 11 Picks

Dunnville, Ontario Book 1

Dunnville is a community near the mouth of Grand River in Haldimand County, and is only a few kilometers from Lake Erie. Dunnville was one of the early thriving centers of Upper Canada and Ontario. Following the American Revolution, a six-mile strip of land on both sides of the Grand River from its mouth to its sources was opened up to settlement by displaced members of the Six Nations Confederacy. The land was granted to the Iroquois tribes by the British to compensate the Confederacy for land lost in the United States during the revolution.

The British originally intended the land to remain in the hands of the Indians, but Mohawk Chief Joseph Brant wanted to open it up to settlement in order to create a source of revenue. Brant persuaded the Six Nations to surrender large blocks of land. Many of the early European arrivals were United Empire Loyalists.

By 1825, twenty-five people lived around Dunnville with a grist mill, a saw mill, and a distillery owned by Squire Anthony who was perhaps the first settler in the area. William Hamilton Merritt is called the Father of Canadian Transportation. With his vision and energy, the Feeder Canal connected Dunnville to the rest of the Welland Canal which flowed from Port Dalhousie on Lake Ontario to Welland. Large amounts of timber were shipped by scows from the Grand River to Buffalo and other markets for use as fuel for the new and growing railroads. The initial Dunnville Dam was finished in 1829, in time for the opening of the Welland Canal in November of that year. The project brought laborers to the area, creating a need for farm produce and housing. The damming of the river provided a reliable source of power which supported mills and businesses including a tannery and a cloth factory. Dunnville was also served by the Buffalo, Brantford and Goderich Railway and was an important port which warranted its own government customs office.

By 1907, Dunnville had four large textile mills. Textiles continued to fuel the town’s development for many years.

Architectural Photos, Dunnville, Ontario
241 Broad Street West – The Lalor Estate is a two-and-a-half-storey residence with a four-gable roof and a wraparound veranda with fluted columns. This Edwardian structure was built in 1905. Its builder was Francis Ramsey Lalor, a prominent Dunnville businessman, politician, philanthropist, and entrepreneur. His business interests included two dry goods stores, a grocery store, an apple evaporator, natural gas wells, the F.R. Lalor Canning Factories, the F.R. Lalor Ashes Company, and the Monarch Knitting Mills. The exterior walls are red brick. There is a two-storey bay window, Tudor-style timbering in the gable, a pediment above the entrance with a decorative tympanum, and sidelights beside the front door.
Architectural Photos, Dunnville, Ontario
201 Broad Street East – Dunnville Post Office
Architectural Photos, Dunnville, Ontario
119 Broad Street East – widow’s walk with iron cresting, dormer, Ionic pillars, circular window in side gable
Architectural Photos, Dunnville, Ontario
415 Niagara Street – dormers in hip roof, two-storey bay window
Architectural Photos, Dunnville, Ontario
307 Niagara Street
Architectural Photos, Dunnville, Ontario
307 Tamarac Street – Neo-Colonial – gambrel roof
Architectural Photos, Dunnville, Ontario
Lock Street – wraparound veranda
Architectural Photos, Dunnville, Ontario
213 Lock Street – Edwardian – Palladian window
Architectural Photos, Dunnville, Ontario
431 Queen Street – George Sime emigrated from Scotland to Canada in the 1840s and settled in Dunnville. He was a tanner and courier by trade; he was a respected businessman and prominent landowner involved in local politics. He built this two-storey home in 1869 in the Italianate style of architecture. The hipped roof has projecting eaves with paired cornice brackets. The keystone above the entrance has a thistle; there are sidelights and a transom surrounding the door. The middle keystone on the upper storey has the date.
Architectural Photos, Dunnville, Ontario
304 Church Street – two-storey frontispiece with quoins and cornice return on gable
Architectural Photos, Dunnville, Ontario
48 North Shore Drive – Gothic

Cayuga and York, Ontario in Colour Photos – My Top 14 Picks

Cayuga and York, Ontario

Early patterns of settlement in Haldimand County are still visible in the landscape and architecture, spanning from the pre-Contact era to the proclamation of the Haldimand Land Grant for the Six Nations and the subsequent migration of Loyalist settlers – Americans, largely of German descent and Mennonite tradition. Throughout the 1800s, immigration from the British Isles contributed significantly to the area’s development, as did the small but industrious Black community of the late nineteenth century – many descended from ex-slaves of the American South. Since the post-war years of the twentieth century, a significant stream of immigration from the Netherlands has also added to our ever-expanding mosaic of cultural identity, as have the age-old traditions of our Indigenous neighbors – the Six Nations and New Credit communities.

Following the American Revolution, Sir Frederick Haldimand, Governor-in-Chief of Canada, granted in 1784 to the Six Nations of the Iroquois a tract of land extending for six miles on both sides of the Grand River from its source to Lake Erie. This grant was made in recognition of their services as allies of the British Crown during the war, and to recompense them for the loss of their former lands in northern New York State. In later years, large areas of this tract, including portions of the present counties of Haldimand, Brant, Waterloo and Wellington, were sold to white settlers.

By 1853, Cayuga had lumber yards, a foundry, and a glass factory.

At its height, York had twenty businesses that included mills, inns, shoemakers, general stores, blacksmiths, and a lumber yard. It had a two-room school house and two churches.

Architectural Photos, Cayuga, Ontario
1 Cayuga Street North – Greek Revival – pediment above Doric pillars, keystones, quoins
Architectural Photos, Cayuga, Ontario
12 Cayuga Street North – Post Office
Architectural Photos, Cayuga, Ontario
31 Cayuga Street taken from Mohawk Street – Edwardian with bay windows, turret in wing
Architectural Photos, Cayuga, Ontario
55 Munsee Street – Jailer’s Residence – 1877 – Italianate style, low hipped roof, overhanging eaves with brackets, a bullseye window
Architectural Photos, Cayuga, Ontario
Munsee Street – Italianate, paired cornice brackets
Architectural Photos, Cayuga, Ontario
41 Echo Street – Italianate, dormer in attic
Architectural Photos, Cayuga, Ontario
40 Ottawa Street – hipped roof, bay window
Architectural Photos, Cayuga, Ontario
26 Tuscarora Street – hipped roof, cornice brackets, two-story bay windows
Architectural Photos, Cayuga, Ontario
5 Mohawk Street – The Duff House – replica of a 17th century New England Garrison style house – steep pitched cedar-shake A-roof, second story overhang, double casement wooden windows
Architectural Photos, Cayuga, Ontario
17 Winnett Street – gable roof, balanced facade, side sun room with balcony above
Architectural Photos, Cayuga, Ontario
4104 Highway 3 – Campbell-Pine House – c. 1895 – limestone farmhouse with hipped roof, two-story veranda; a large portion of Donald Campbell’s 1847 stone cottage is incorporated into the walls of the house. Donald Campbell was one of the earliest settlers of North Cayuga Township; he operated a steam sawmill on the premises.
Architectural Photos, Cayuga, Ontario
243 Haldimand Highway 54 – Ruthven Estate, the main house and wing, c. 1845, was designed by the master building/architect John Latshaw. Ruthven Park is a 1,500-acre country estate. The house is in the Greek Revival style with a broad staircase leading to a front landing with classical columns. The south wing was added c. 1860, the south-east wing c. 1880, and the east wing c. 1884. It was the former home of five generations of the Thompson family from the 1840s to 1990s. David Thompson came to the area and started a saw mill in 1834, and added a grist mill in 1836. David was instrumental in the laying out of the former 1200-acre town of Indiana. He eventually owned two sawmills, as well as a gristmill, carding mill, cooperage, and several stores. Overall, Indiana supported over thirty industries and was the largest industrial town in Haldimand County in the mid-nineteenth century.
Architectural Photos, York, Ontario
39 Front Street South, York – The Enniskillen Lodge, formerly the Barber Hotel, was built in 1862 for Mr. Daniel Barber, a prominent local hotelier. Large Georgian style windows, doors, and brick detailing are spaced and designed symmetrically. It has a projected cornice with dentils, Regency four-panel door with sidelights and rectangular transom, hood molds over windows, horizontal banding, and corner quoins.
Architectural Photos, York, Ontario
2389 Haldimand Road 9 – Italianate – cornice brackets, corner quoins, two-story bay windows

Fisherville, Nanticoke, Selkirk, Ontario in Colour Photos – My Top 16 Picks

Fisherville, Nanticoke, Selkirk, Ontario

Haldimand County is a municipality on the Niagara Peninsula in Southern Ontario, on the north shore of Lake Erie, and on the Grand River. Haldimand was first created as a county in 1800, from a portion of Norfolk. It was named after the governor of the Province of Quebec Sir Frederick Haldimand. From 1974 to 2000, Haldimand County and Norfolk County were merged to form the Regional Municipality of Haldimand-Norfolk.

The population centers in Haldimand are Caledonia, Dunnville, Hagersville, Jarvis and Cayuga. Most of Haldimand is agricultural land, although some heavy industry, including the Nanticoke Generating Station, is located here. Some of the smaller communities within the municipality are Byng, Canborough, Canfield, Cheapside, Fisherville, Kohler, Lowbanks, Nanticoke, Rainham Centre, Selkirk, South Cayuga, Sweets Corners, and York.

The first white inhabitants of Rainham were Jacob Hoover with his sons Abraham, David, Benjamin and Daniel who came from Pennsylvania in 1791, traveling in wagons in which they carried all their moveable possessions.

They purchased about 2,500 acres of land from the government. The Hoovers were Mennonites of Swiss descent. The Hoovers were a thrifty and industrious family and soon had large clearings. They became wealthy as they were the first settlers who had any surplus produce to sell to others who came a few years later.

Manufactured items were very expensive so the settlers made as many items as they could. Many of them made their own harness of basswood bark boiled in lye which was a fair substitute for leather.

The township covers about 25,000 acres with stiff clay soil that is very productive and well cultivated. Fisherville and Rainham Centre are the only villages wholly in the township. Fisherville is the center of the German settlement and has a population of about one hundred and fifty people.

Nanticoke is located on the western border of Haldimand County. Nanticoke is located directly across Lake Erie from the United States city of Erie, Pennsylvania. Unlike the majority of Haldimand or Norfolk County, Nanticoke is a highly industrialized community. This community is southeast of Simcoe in neighboring Norfolk County and south of Brantford. Nanticoke’s residential area is bordered on the west by the Nanticoke Industrial Park, home to the U.S. Steel Canada Lake Erie Works and a number of smaller businesses.

The Esso Refinery Nanticoke is on the northeast, and the Nanticoke Generating Station is on the southeast. Nanticoke used to be a bustling farming and fishing community inhabited since the late eighteenth century. Nanticoke adapted to the Industrial Revolution and became a desired spot for heavy industry.

In 1974, Nanticoke was incorporated as a city within the Regional Municipality of Haldimand-Norfolk through the amalgamation of the towns of Port Dover and Waterford, the village of Jarvis, and parts of the townships of Rainham, Townsend, Walpole and Woodhouse. In 2001, the town and all other municipalities within the region were dissolved and the region was divided into two single tier municipalities with city-status but called counties. What was the city of Nanticoke is now split between Haldimand County and Norfolk County. Wind Turbines were installed in November 2013.

Cheapside is located in the Regional Municipality of Haldimand-Norfolk and is part of the City of Nanticoke. I n 1854 David Silverthom settled here and opened the first store. He was bought out in 1860 by William Pugsley who called the place Cheap Corner. When the post office opened around 1865 the postal department proposed the present name which was accepted by residents.

Lake Erie shoreline, quiet roads and countryside make Selkirk a haven for travelers. Selkirk is located forty-five kilometers southwest of Hamilton and a short drive from Dunnville, Cayuga, Port Dover and Simcoe. Selkirk is the oldest village in Walpole Township. Settled by the Hoover family around 1800, the village was the site of a mill and an important center for the local farming community. When the post office opened in 1831 the village was called Walpole. In 1855, the village was renamed Selkirk, in honor of Thomas Douglas, Lord Selkirk, who once owned land in the area.

Architectural Photos, Fisherville, Ontario
Ye Olde Fisherville Restaurant
Architectural Photos, Fisherville, Ontario
#4 – second floor balcony
Architectural Photos, Fisherville, Ontario
#9, Fisherville – Gothic
Architectural Photos, Fisherville, Ontario
#19, Fisherville – larger dormer, wraparound veranda
Architectural Photos, Fisherville, Ontario
#12 – Fisherville, Ontario
Architectural Photos, Fisherville, Ontario
#5 Fisherville, Ontario
601 Haldimand Road 12, Fisherville
601 Haldimand Road 12, Fisherville – The Charles Reicheld House crafted by traditional German carpenter Valentine Hartwick in 1886 – farmhouse with cornice brackets, dichromatic brickwork, hipped roof
Architectural Photos, Selkirk, Ontario
95 Concession 4, Fisherville – The Hoover log house built in 1793 on the Lake Erie shore south of Selkirk for Daniel Hoover, son of Jacob Hoover from Pennsylvania. In 1997, the fire damaged remnants were brought by Mr. Bill Fletcher, reassembled and relocated on his farm.
Architectural Photos, Rainham Centre, Ontario
255 Kohler Road, Rainham Centre – former school
Architectural Photos, Nanticoke, Ontario
Nanticoke – Gothic Revival – verge board trim on gables
Architectural Photos, Nanticoke, Ontario
Rainham Road – Methodist Church – 1874
Architectural Photos, Cheapside, Ontario
Wilson MacDonald Memorial School Museum, Cheapside – The original square framed school was opened on land owned by James Buckley and was replaced by this red brick one in 1872. It closed in 1965 and reopened in 1967 as a museum and memorial to Wilson MacDonald, a former student and renowned poet.
Architectural Photos, Selkirk, Ontario
S.S. No. 3 Union School, Selkirk – 1918 – the school closed in 1949. It reopened in 1967 as a library and Selkirk Centennial Community Centre.
Architectural Photos, Selkirk, Ontario
27 Erie Street South, Selkirk – James Cooper built this house in 1870. In 1878 he sold it to George Hoover. The frame house has irregular massing and is in the Second Empire style. It has an over-sized horseshoe dormer with barge board and finial, elaborate window molds with pediments. The three-story tower has four dormers in the mansard roof. The Fess family purchased it in 1947.
Architectural Photos, Selkirk, Ontario
15 Erie Street North, Selkirk – Italianate, hipped roof, cornice brackets, quoins, banding
Architectural Photos, Selkirk, Ontario
15 Erie Street North, Selkirk – Italianate, hipped roof, cornice brackets, quoins, banding

Port Perry, Ontario in Colour Photos – My Top 10 Picks

Port Perry, Ontario

Port Perry is a community located in Scugog, Ontario. The town is located northeast of Toronto and just north of Oshawa. The area around Port Perry was first surveyed as part of Reach Township by Major S. Wilmot in 1809. The first settler in the area was Reuben Crandell, a United Empire Loyalist who built a homestead with his wife in May 1821.

Settler Peter Perry laid out village lots on the shore of Lake Scugog in 1848 on the site of a former native village known as Scugog Village. The town site was named Port Perry in 1852 and its first Postmaster was Joseph Bigelow.

The first train on the Port Whitby and Port Perry Railway reached the terminus in Port Perry in 1872. Cargo from all over northern Ontario was shipped via the Trent-Severn Waterway to Port Perry via Lake Scugog, and then via the railway to Whitby, where it could be loaded onto the Canadian Pacific or Canadian National mainlines running along the shore of Lake Ontario, or onto ships in Port Whitby.

The village was amalgamated with Cartwright, Reach and Scugog Townships to form the Township of Scugog in 1974 upon the creation of the Regional Municipality of Durham.

On July 3, 1884 the entire business section of Port Perry was destroyed by fire. The wooden buildings exploded when sparks hit them. The Ross & Sons Grain Elevator on the waterfront, plus two other buildings were the only ones to survive. Thirty-three commercial buildings housing nearly fifty businesses, as well as factories, warehouses, stables, six lodges, and a dozen homes were reduced to rubble in under an hour.

Four months later, the entire commercial sector with seventeen large brick buildings were built.

Architectural Photos, Port Perry, Ontario
53 Perry Street – The Burnham House is a two-story brick house that was built for John W. Burnham in 1878. The house is located on a large lot that overlooks Lake Scugog to the east. Mr. Burnham served as the local postmaster for 45 years.
Architectural Photos, Port Perry, Ontario
183-189 Queen Street – This impressive red and yellow brick building was constructed in 1885 by Jonathan Blong. He divided the building into a number of units which were leased to local shopkeepers.
Architectural Photos, Port Perry, Ontario
201-203 Queen Street – William Jones formed a partnership with John McClung when this new building was built after the fire destroyed the earlier building in 1884. Clothes, groceries, crockery, boots and shoes were sold. Charles Jones operated a dry goods store in the eastern part. In 1988 the property was purchased by Wayne and Carolyn Luke who opened the Victorian Card Shop in this section.
Architectural Photos, Port Perry, Ontario
250 Queen Street – Dr. Orr Graham, a veterinarian, had this house built in 1886. Upon his retirement in 1909, he sold his house and practice to Dr. John T. Elliot. Dr. Coates arrived in 1910. In 2010, Michael and Frank Konopaski purchased the property and operate their business Scugog Financial and Scugog Accounting Professional Corporation.
Architectural Photos, Port Perry, Ontario
302 Queen Street – Former Port Perry Town Hall – Constructed in 1873, first project of Joseph Bigelow, the first Reeve of Port Perry. Many architectural features of Italianate style, reproduction of the original bell tower.
Architectural Photos, Port Perry, Ontario
Queen Street – Gothic Revival – verge board trim and finial on gable
Architectural Photos, Port Perry, Ontario
327 Queen Street – Dr. Richard Jones’ residence – two story, aluminum siding, belvedere on rooftop – c. 1897
Architectural Photos, Port Perry, Ontario
229 Mary Street – S.E. Allen Residence – 1½ story, brick, Victorian Gothic, symmetrical center hall plan, c. 1870
Architectural Photos, Port Perry, Ontario
234 Mary Street – The Jackson House – 2 story, brick façade, c. 1880
Architectural Photos, Port Perry, Ontario
Corner of Water and Queen Streets – In 1840 Peter Perry purchased forty acres in downtown Port Perry and in 1844 he built a frame building which house a store, trading post, and a home for his agent, Chester Draper. Immediately after Perry’s death is 1851, the property was bought by Mason and Phillips who turned it into a hotel. Henry Charles purchased it in 1867. The present yellow building was built after the fire of 1884. The hotel had thirty rooms including a dining room and at the street level were two stores including a sample room where salesmen could display their wares. They named it the St. Charles Hotel after Henry Charles.

Uxbridge, Ontario – Book 2 – in Colour Photos – My Top 11 Picks

Uxbridge, Ontario – Book 2

Uxbridge is a township in the Regional Municipality of Durham in south-central Ontario and is located about forty kilometers northeast of Metropolitan Toronto. The main center in the township is the community of Uxbridge. Other communities within the township include Coppins Corners, Goodwood, Leaskdale, Sandford, Siloam, Victoria’s Corner, and Zephyr.

The first settlers in the area were Quakers who started arriving in 1806 from Pennsylvania. The community’s oldest building, the Uxbridge Friends Meeting House, was built in 1820 and overlooks the town from Quaker Hill, a kilometer to the west.

Architectural Photos, Uxbridge, Ontario
70 Main Street South – Bascom-Williams House – The house was a small square frame house that was later bricked. The property was originally owned by Dr. Joseph Bascom and was transferred to his daughter Mary in 1872. Mary married Alonzo D. Williams who was the first clerk for the Village of Uxbridge and held that position for 27 years.
Architectural Photos, Uxbridge, Ontario
38 Main Street South – Dr. Mellow-Dr. Bascom House – c. 1863 – verge board trim on gables
Architectural Photos, Uxbridge, Ontario
23 Main Street South – c. 1873 – Early Town Founder, John P. Plank bought 100 acres at the corner of Main and Brock Street in 1825. In 1828 he built the first store in Town and the first saw mill at Elgin Pond.
Architectural Photos, Uxbridge, Ontario
27 Main Street North – verge board trim on gables, bay window with brackets
Architectural Photos, Uxbridge, Ontario
39 Main Street North – Former Commercial Hotel Building and Property – Hobby Horse Arms – c. 1868 – Georgian style
Architectural Photos, Uxbridge, Ontario
23 Franklin Street – Charles Small, Gleeholme, Owner of the Uxbridge Piano & Organ Company – c. 1901
Architectural Photos, Uxbridge, Ontario
30 Franklin Street – Halbert Hardy House – A. S. Hardy, tuner – c. 1875 – Second Empire style – mansard roof, window hoods
Architectural Photos, Uxbridge, Ontario
54 Cedar Street North – Harvey and Martha Gould House – c. 1877 – T-shaped 1½ storey white brick house built by Joseph Gould (merchant and miller). In 1886 it was purchased by Harvey Gould a former Mayor of Uxbridge, County Warden.
Architectural Photos, Uxbridge, Ontario
The Thomas Foster Memorial Temple, erected in 1935-36 by the former mayor of Toronto, is situated a short distance north of town. Inspired by Foster’s visit to India, the Temple was designed by architects J.H. Craig (1889–1954) and H.H. Madrill (1889–1998).
Architectural Photos, Leaskdale, Ontario
#690 – Leaskdale – Gothic
Architectural Photos, Goodwood, Ontario
286 Highway 47, Goodwood – Ontario Gothic Cottage

Uxbridge, Ontario – Book 1 – in Colour Photos – My Top 9 Picks

Uxbridge, Ontario – Book 1

Uxbridge is a township in the Regional Municipality of Durham in south-central Ontario and is located about forty kilometers northeast of Metropolitan Toronto. The main center in the township is the community of Uxbridge. Other communities within the township include Coppins Corners, Goodwood, Leaskdale, Sandford, Siloam, Victoria’s Corner, and Zephyr.

It was named for Uxbridge, England, a name which was derived from “Wixan’s Bridge”.

The first settlers in the area were Quakers who started arriving in 1806 from Pennsylvania. The community’s oldest building, the Uxbridge Friends Meeting House, was built in 1820 and overlooks the town from Quaker Hill, a kilometer to the west.

The first passenger-carrying narrow-gauge railway in North America, the Toronto and Nipissing Railway arrived in Uxbridge in June 1871, and for over a decade Uxbridge was the headquarters of the railway. In 1872, the Village of Uxbridge was separated from the Township and incorporated as a separate entity.

With the creation of the Regional Municipality of Durham in 1974, Uxbridge Township was amalgamated with the Town of Uxbridge and Scott Township to create an expanded Township of Uxbridge.

Today, Uxbridge is as a mostly suburban community in northern Durham Region. Major manufacturing employers include Pine Valley Packaging (packaging, containers and portable shelters), Koch-Glitsch Canada (mass transfer systems) and Hela Canada (spice and ingredient manufacture). Many residents commute to other centers in Durham and York Regions and beyond.

Architectural Photos, Uxbridge, Ontario
169 Brock Street West – Jones House – Town Constable – c. 1876 – Gothic Revival with verge board trim and finial on gable
Architectural Photos, Uxbridge, Ontario
At the southeast corner of Brock and Toronto Streets stands the Uxbridge Public Library (c. 1887). It was beautifully restored in 1985. Uxbridge’s citizen, Joseph Gould, commissioned it as a Mechanics’ Institute and John T. Stokes of Sharon was the probable architect. It is in the High Victorian Gothic style of architecture which is reflected in its picturesque roofline, impressive clock tower and lavish attention to detail such as projecting brick courses, buttresses, bricks set in a diagonal pattern, decorative red brick, ornate chimneys and dropped brick keystones over the windows.
Architectural Photos, Uxbridge, Ontario
22 Brock Street East – Gothic – dichromatic brickwork
Architectural Photos, Uxbridge, Ontario
35 Brock Street East – patterning in gable, decorative cornice and brackets, arched windows and voussoirs, banding
Architectural Photos, Uxbridge, Ontario
112 Brock Street East – This house was built in 1871 by Samuel Umphrey, a prominent Uxbridge Businessman, who played an important role in the Uxbridge Cabinet Organ Factory. This Victorian house has a fine example of bargeboard, spool work and fretwork.
Architectural Photos, Uxbridge, Ontario
55 Dominion Street – Thomas & Lucy Chapple House, Barrister & MPP – c. 1885 – fish scale patterning in gable, decorative cornice and brackets, rounded double windows with voussoirs, banding
Architectural Photos, Uxbridge, Ontario
50 Dominion Street – wraparound verandah, verge board trim on gable, two-story square tower
Architectural Photos, Uxbridge, Ontario
23 First Avenue – c. 1888 – David Thirsk (carpenter) purchased the lot in 1887 and built this Gothic Revival two-storey yellow bricked home with a coursed fieldstone basement. In 1908 it was purchased by W.H. Brownscombe who was in the Boot and Shoe business. There is a widow’s walk with iron cresting on the rooftop.
Architectural Photos, Uxbridge, Ontario
41 First Avenue – The 1½ story Ontario Cottage style Wheler House was built in 1860 by Edward Wheler at the northwest corner of Brock and Main Street with the lumber coming from the local mill owned by George Wheler. It was moved to its present location by Ira G. Crosby in 1871. He was the Town Treasurer for many years.

Oshawa, Ontario – Book 3 – in Colour Photos – My Top 7 Picks

Oshawa, Ontario – Book 3

Oshawa is a city in Southern Ontario on the Lake Ontario shoreline. It is about sixty kilometers east of Downtown Toronto. The name Oshawa comes from the Ojibwa word meaning “the crossing place” or “where we must leave our canoes”. More than 5,000 people work and more than 2,400 university students study in the downtown core.

Oshawa’s roots are tied to the automobile industry with the Canadian division of General Motors located here. It was founded in 1876 as the McLaughlin Carriage Company. The lavish home of the carriage company’s founder, Parkwood Estate, is a National Historic Site of Canada.

In 1822, a “colonization road” (a north-south road to facilitate settlement) known as Simcoe Street was constructed. It ran from the harbor to the area of Lake Scugog. It intersected the “Kingston Road: at what became Oshawa’s “Four Corners.”

In 1846 there were about 1,000 people in a community surrounded by farms. There were three churches, a post office, various types of tradesmen, a foundry, a grist mill and a fulling mill, a brewery, two distilleries, a machine shop and four cabinet makers.

In 1876, Robert Samuel McLaughlin, Sr. moved his carriage works to Oshawa from Enniskillen to take advantage of its harbor and of the availability of a rail link not too far away. He constructed a two-storey building, which was soon added to. This building was heavily remodeled in 1929, receiving a new facade and being extended to the north. Around 1890, the carriage works relocated from its Simcoe Street address to an unused furniture factory a couple of blocks to the northeast, and this remained its site until the building burnt in 1899. Offered assistance by the town, McLaughlin chose to stay in Oshawa, building a new factory across Mary Street from the old site. Rail service had been provided in 1890 by the Oshawa Railway; this was originally set up as a streetcar line, but by about 1910 a second freight line was built slightly to the east of Simcoe Street which provided streetcar and freight service, connected central Oshawa with the Grand Trunk (now Canadian National) Railway, and with the Canadian Northern (which ran through the very north of Oshawa) and the Canadian Pacific, built in 1912-13.

Architectural Photos, Oshawa, Ontario
18 Aberdeen Street – dormer, centered door
Architectural Photos, Oshawa, Ontario
43 Connaught Street – patterned brickwork, bay window
Architectural Photos, Oshawa, Ontario
55 Connaught Street – J.H. Beaton House – c. 1928 – Tudor style
Architectural Photos, Oshawa, Ontario
62 Connaught Street – 1923 – Georgian style, centered door with open pediment, transom, multi-paned windows, banding
Architectural Photos, Oshawa, Ontario
99 Connaught Street – shed dormer, pediment, sidelights
Architectural Photos, Oshawa, Ontario
417 Mary Street North – bay window
Architectural Photos, Oshawa, Ontario
342 Mary Street North – 1920 – Gothic, corner quoins, contrasting voussoirs and lintels