North Bay, Ontario in Colour Photos – My Top 11 Picks

North Bay, Ontario

North Bay is a city in Northeastern Ontario about 330 kilometers (210 miles) north of Toronto. It differs in geography from Southern Ontario because North Bay is situated on the Canadian Shield which results in a more rugged landscape. North Bay straddles both the Ottawa River watershed to the east and the Great Lakes Basin to the west. The city’s urban core is located between Lake Nipissing and the smaller Trout Lake.

In 1882, John Ferguson decided that the north bay of Lake Nipissing was a promising spot for settlement. Apart from Indigenous people, voyageurs and surveyors, there was little activity in the Lake Nipissing area until the arrival of the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) in 1882. North Bay was selected as the southern terminus of the Temiskaming and Northern Ontario Railway (T&NO) in 1902 when the Ross government took the bold move to establish a development road to serve the Haileybury settlement. During construction of the T&NO, silver was discovered at Cobalt and started a mining frenzy in the northern part of the province that continued for many years. The Canadian Northern Railway was built to North Bay in 1913.

North Bay grew through a strong lumbering sector, mining and the three railways in the early days.

Born in France about 1598, Jean Nicolet, explorer, fur trader, and interpreter came to Canada in 1618. Under orders from Samuel de Champlain, he spent the following two years with the Algonquins of Allumette Island. He was then sent to the Nipissing Indians of this area and dwelt among them for at least eight years, learning their language, adopting their customs, and strengthening their alliance with the French. Nicolet is credited with the discovery of Lake Michigan which he explored as far south as the head of Green Bay in 1634. He later settled in Trois Rivieres. He drowned in the St. Lawrence in 1642.

The rivers and lakes of northern Ontario have been highways for travel and commerce for hundreds of years. First nations and European explorers used Lake Nipissing for transporting their furs. When the railroad reached the area in the 1880s, settlers and timber were transported across the lake.

Architectural Photos, North Bay, Ontario
374 Fraser Street – Angus Block – 1914 – This building is noted for its parapet at the roof line and for its highly distinctive white stone window surrounds consisting of stepped lintels, quoined jambs and flat sills. Other notable features include the toothed heading of the in-stepped brick facing and bracketed canopy over the third-floor paired openings. The date stone indicates that H.W. Angus, an early architect in North Bay, was responsible for its design and erection.
Architectural Photos, North Bay, Ontario
100 Ferguson Street – former Canadian Pacific Railway Station – 1903 – Entry of British Columbia into Confederation in 1871 led to the establishment of the CPR as the initial continental railway linking the country’s east and west coasts, completed in 1885. In 1881 the railway located their divisional services and regional headquarters on the shore of Lake Nipissing, where the City of North Bay subsequently sprang up. The stone masonry is of a variegated light beige color of split-faced finish, laid in a random-coursed pattern. The corner and intermittent piers and window surrounds are of a uniform darker brown tone of flat-faced finish, laid in a level course pattern. Most openings at ground floor level are of the Romanesque round-head arched style. A wide bracketed canopy projects on all sides at the second-floor level, offering protection from the weather to passengers, their luggage, and accompanying freight. The Canadian Pacific Railway reached North Bay in 1882 and the area became a crucial junction point between east and west rail traffic. In 1901, the CPR made North Bay the District Divisional headquarters; repair shops began to dominate the North Bay waterfront. The site eventually housed an eighteen-stall engine house, freight and flour sheds, carpenter and car repair shops, ice houses, a yard office, railway stores, and the engineer booking office. There was also a vast locomotive shop used to repair steam engines. At its peak, the yard could hold two hundred railroad cars and it contained twenty-five miles of track. During the 1940s, four transcontinental trains a day came through the yards. To the west of the main depot was a well-maintained grassy park with numerous flower gardens and trees.
Architectural Photos, North Bay, Ontario
200 First Avenue West – Former Normal School/Teacher’s College opened in 1909 with an enrollment of 25 students and continued in operation until 1972. This design is exemplary of the architectural influence of the Edwardian style. The observatory-like dome, the elaborate cornices and the formal entrance are three main characteristics of the building.
Architectural Photos, North Bay, Ontario
135-137 First Avenue West – 2½-storey bays with Tudor timbering in gables, diamond window panes
Architectural Photos, North Bay, Ontario
183 First Avenue West – North Bay Masonic Temple was built in 1928 and was first used as a meeting and dance hall. During the Second World War it served as a center for medical examinations of those local residents contemplating military service. The building is Neo-Classical in style with a symmetrical front façade. The outstanding architectural features of this building include the engaged piers and stepped parapet carried by the entablature. The grand stone entranceway expresses the major function of this structure as an assembly hall.
Architectural Photos, North Bay, Ontario
406 McIntyre Street West – two-storey bay with octagonal capped roof, dormer
Architectural Photos, North Bay, Ontario
590 McIntyre Street West – Browning Residence – Constructed in 1902, it was originally occupied by Crown Prosecutor A.G. Browning and his family. It is set on a large corner lot at Murray Street, among mature trees. A strong symmetry of the main façade was originally developed in a three-bay roofed front porch at ground floor level leading to the main entry, above which is a second-floor bay window whose structure extends through the main roof eave to form a unique mini-balcony centered on a third-floor windowed gable. This symmetry is offset by a three-story gabled wing on one side, and the wrap-around porch terminating at a corner bay on the Murray Street side.
Architectural Photos, North Bay, Ontario
658 McIntyre Street West – The Bourke Residence was built in 1907. The structural, yet decorative columns and the boxed-in triangular pediment over the porch area are strong elements of the design. The two-story bay windows and the wraparound porch are also distinctive. Symmetry is established, centered on the main entrance, in the access stair, the pediment enhanced porch, and the second-floor balcony. The windowed gable at the attic level is centered independently on the main front wing of the L-shaped structure. The home was once the residence of the first Mayor of the City of North Bay, John Bourke.
Architectural Photos, North Bay, Ontario
768 McIntyre Street West – The Beamish Residence was constructed in 1907. The two-story front porch is large and has Ionic columns. It has a hipped roof with wave-form dormer windows. A strong symmetry is centered on the two-story wood porch between matched masonry bays. The fanned steps of the main entry are very generous in scale, and thus appropriately related to the proportions of the entire front façade. The front entrance is the only item that is off center. A well-preserved home of majestic stature, it was once the original residence of a local merchant, Mr. Beamish. Mr. Jack Shaw, former North Bay Mayor, also resided here. Mr. Arthur Cavanaugh, former manager of Ontario Northland Railway, lived in this house from 1940-1950.
Architectural Photos, North Bay, Ontario
610 Copeland Avenue – The Milne Residence is an impressive home located on an unusually large lot. It was built for William Milne Sr. in the early 1900s. Milne was the owner of Wm. Milne & Sons Lumber Company which was located at the present site of the Ministry of Natural Resources on Trout Lake Road from the early 1900s to 1944. Milne was also a former alderman and Mayor of North Bay in 1909 and 1910. The house is set back on the property. The large side yard housed a tennis court during the first two decades of the house. The exterior is simple, but the structure is reminiscent of the local history of the lumber and crafts industry. The exterior walls are sheathed with shiplap-type wood siding. The roof is sheathed in wood shingles. The veranda, which wraps around the front and side of the home, once extended to the rear of the home as well, but it was later removed.
Architectural Photos, North Bay, Ontario
North Bay Heritage Carousel – Of course, I had to have a ride on it while I was there!

Sudbury, Ontario in Colour Photos – My Top 4 Picks

Sudbury, Ontario

Greater Sudbury is the largest city in Northern Ontario. Sudbury was founded in 1883 following the discovery of nickel ore during the construction of the transcontinental railway. The people live in an urban core and many smaller communities scattered around three hundred lakes and among hills of rock blackened by smelting activity. Mining and related industries dominated the economy for much of the twentieth century. The two major mining companies which shaped the history of Sudbury were Inco, now Vale Limited, which employed more than 25% of the population by the 1970s, and Falconbridge, now Glencore. Sudbury has since expanded from its resource-based economy to emerge as the major retail, economic, health and educational centre for North-eastern Ontario.

The city recovered from the Great Depression much more quickly than almost any other city in North America due to increased demand for nickel in the 1930s. Sudbury was the fastest-growing city and one of the wealthiest cities in Canada for most of the decade. Many of the city’s social problems in the Great Depression era were caused by the difficulty in keeping up with all of the new infrastructure demands created by rapid growth. Employed mine workers sometimes ended up living in boarding houses or makeshift shanty towns because demand for new housing was rising faster than supply.

The open coke beds used in the early to mid-twentieth century and logging for fuel resulted in almost a total loss of native vegetation in the area. Consequently, the terrain was made up of exposed rocky outcrops permanently stained charcoal black, first by the air pollution from the roasting yards. Acid rain added more staining, in a layer that penetrates up to three inches into the once pink-grey granite.

The construction of the Inco Super stack in 1972 dispersed sulfuric acid through the air over a much wider area, reducing the acidity of local precipitation. This enabled the city to begin an environmental recovery program. In the late 1970s, private and public interests combined to establish a “regreening” effort. Lime was spread over the charred soil by hand and by aircraft. Seeds of wild grasses and other vegetation were also spread. More than nine million new trees have been planted in the city.

Sudbury’s pentlandite, pyrite and pyrrhotite ores contain profitable amounts of many elements—primarily nickel and copper, but also platinum, palladium and other valuable metals.

There are many details and pictures about rocks and their formation in the book on Sudbury.

Sudbury, Ontario
122 Big Nickel Road – Dynamic Earth – Dr. Ted Szilva was the creator of the Canadian Centennial Numismatic Park which opened on July 22, 1964. Ted spearheaded the creation of the Big Nickel and the original Big Nickel mine on the Dynamic Earth site. Today, the Big Nickel is an icon synonymous with Sudbury, the nickel capital of the world. In 1949 the Bank of Canada launched a nationwide contest for the design of the 1951 five-cent coin to mark the bicentennial of the chemical isolation of nickel by the Swedish chemist Baron Axel Frederic Cronstedt. The Big Nickel is a replica of this commemorative 12-sided coin designed by Stephen Trenka. The obverse features King George VI who was the monarch at the time. The reverse features a stylized nickel refinery with one large smokestack. It weighs almost 13,000 kilograms and is nine meters in diameter. Scientists and residents of Greater Sudbury work hand in hand to innovate and implement new strategies to re-green the community. The City of Greater Sudbury is a world leader in reclamation of environmentally impacted landscapes. The main components of Sudbury’s ore are nickel, copper and sulfur. Early methods of smelting released a lot of sulfur dioxide gas (SO2) into the atmosphere. Since the early 1970s, SO2 has been greatly reduced which has fostered ecological recovery. In 2015, healthy, reproducing small mouth bass returned to Sudbury’s Clearwater Lake which is slowly recovering from acidification.
Architectural Photos, Sudbury, Ontario
20 Ste. Anne Road – St. Joseph’s Hospital – Original building 1898, Surgical Ward added 1914, 1927 modern laundry added, 1928 new heating plant with a long connecting underground tunnel. In 1975 the Hospital was closed. Partially demolished, the remaining portion is now operating as Red Oak Villa retirement home.
Flour Mill Silos, Sudbury Ontario
Notre Dame Avenue – Flour Mill Silos
Onaping High Falls, Ontario
High Falls on the Onaping River drops 46 meters (150 feet) – In 1953 A.Y. Jackson, one of the founding members of the Group of Seven, painted “Spring on the Onaping River.”

Fort Erie and Ridgeway, Ontario in Colour Photos – My Top 8 Picks

Fort Erie and Ridgeway, Ontario

Fort Erie is a town on the Niagara River in the Niagara Region of Ontario. It is across the river from Buffalo, New York and is the site of Old Fort Erie which played a prominent role in the War of 1812.

Fort Erie is also home to other commercial core areas of Bridgeburg, Ridgeway, Stevensville and Crystal Beach as a result of the 1970 amalgamation of Bertie Township and the village of Crystal Beach with Fort Erie.

The Fort Erie area contains deposits of flint, and became important in the production of spearheads, arrowheads, and other tools.

After the Treaty of Paris, which ended the French and Indian War and transferred Canada from France to Britain, King George III issued the Royal Proclamation of 1763 establishing the territory beyond which (including what is now Southern Ontario) would be an Indian Reserve. This was an attempt to avoid further conflict with the Indians, although it did not forestall Pontiac’s War the following year. The British also built a string of military forts to defend their new territory, including Fort Erie, the first version of which was established in 1764.

During the American Revolution Fort Erie was used as a supply depot for British troops. After the war the territory of what is now the Town of Fort Erie was settled by soldiers demobilized from Butler’s Rangers, and the area was named Bertie Township in 1784.

The original fort was located on the Niagara River’s edge below the present fort. It served as a supply depot and a port for ships transporting merchandise, troops and passengers via Lake Erie to the Upper Great Lakes. The fort was damaged by winter storms and in 1803 plans were made for a new fort on the higher ground behind the original. It was larger and made of flint stone but was not quite finished at the start of the War of 1812.

During the war, the Americans attacked Fort Erie twice in 1812, captured and abandoned it in 1813, and then recaptured it in 1814. The Americans held it for a time, breaking a prolonged British siege. Later they destroyed Fort Erie and returned to Buffalo in the winter of 1814.

The Fort Erie area became a major terminus for slaves using the Underground Railroad between 1840 and 1860; many had crossed into Canada from Buffalo, New York.

In 1866, during the Irish-American Fenian raids, between 1,000 and 1,500 Fenians crossed the Niagara River, invading Canada as part of an attempt to oust the British and create an independent Irish republic; they occupied the town and demanded food and horses. The only payment they were able to offer was Fenian bonds which were not acceptable to the citizens. The Fenians then cut the telegraph wires and tore up some railway tracks. Afterwards, they marched to Chippewa and the next day to Ridgeway where they fought the Battle of Ridgeway, a series of skirmishes with the Canadian militia. The Fenians then returned to Fort Erie and fought the Battle of Fort Erie in 1866, defeating the Canadian militia. Fearing British reinforcements, they then decided to retreat to the U.S.

The Battle of Ridgeway shocked the country, spurring improvements to Canada’s defenses, and helping to bolster the movement for confederation, which took place the next year.

Ridgeway takes its name from the limestone ridge which runs through it from north to south. The main street of town aptly named Ridge Road, follows this ridge, and was part of one of the first two wagon trails in Bertie Township, connecting Point Abino on Lake Erie to Miller’s Creek on the Niagara River.

Ridgeway was settled by the United Empire loyalists in the late 18th-century, and was originally a farming community. In the 1850s the Buffalo, Brantford and Goderich Railway line was put through, and service industries began to develop around the train stop on Ridge Road. The business district spread north from there towards Dominion Road. In 1873 the post office was opened.

In 1869 Fort Erie was served by the Grand Trunk and the Erie & Niagara railways. The Grand Trunk Railway built the International Railway Bridge in 1873, bringing about a new town, originally named Victoria and subsequently renamed to Bridgeburg, north of the original settlement of Fort Erie. By 1876, Ridgeway had a population of about 800, the village of Fort Erie had about 1,200, and Victoria had three railway stations. By 1887, Stevensville had a population of about 600, Victoria of about 700, Ridgeway of about 600, and Fort Erie of about 4,000.

In 1888, the amusement park at Crystal Beach opened. The park continued to operate until it closed in 1989.

On August 7, 1927 the Peace Bridge was opened between Fort Erie and Buffalo.

Architectural Photos, Fort Erie, Ontario
202 Dufferin Street – 1897 – The building is a two storey, single detached home featuring a front gable design with a steep pitched roof in Gothic style. The main entry has a pedimented portico supported by two paired pilasters. The wooden clapboard exterior is painted Henley Blue and the six-inch-wide window trim, which surrounds the single pane double hung windows, stands in marked contrast.
Architectural Photos, Fort Erie, Ontario
The B-1 Grand Trunk Station was built in 1873 by the Grand Trunk Railway to coincide with the construction of the International Railway Bridge. The B-1’s companion station, the B-2 was located in Black Rock, New York on the American side of the bridge.
Bridge, Fort Erie, Ontario
The International Railway Bridge spans the Niagara River to accommodate rail traffic. The engineers had to deal with treacherous currents, fluctuating water levels, and ice floes. Station operators at the B-1 station kept records of rail traffic and maintenance work, water depth at each pier, weather, and boats passing under the bridge. The International Railway Bridge played a significant role in the history of Fort Erie and was one of the main entry points across the country of rail freight from the United States. The bridge is still in use today without the use of the stations. The B-1 station fell into disuse; it was restored and opened in 1984 as the Fort Erie Railroad Museum at 400 Central Avenue.
Architectural Photos, Ridgeway, Ontario
348 Ridge Road North, Ridgeway – three-storey tower, dichromatic voussoirs, quoins
Architectural Photos, Ridgeway, Ontario
348 Ridge Road North, Ridgeway – three-storey tower, dichromatic voussoirs, quoins
Architectural Photos, Ridgeway, Ontario
402 Ridge Road North, Ridgeway – Fort Erie Historical Museum – The former Bertie Township Municipal Building was constructed in 1874. This Italianate structure was designed to look monumental, solid, and respectable with its round-headed windows and paired brackets at the cornice.
Architectural Photos, Ridgeway, Ontario
468 Ridge Road North, Ridgeway – The Laundry Basket Dry Cleaners – verge board trim on gable, sidelights and transom
Architectural Photos, Ridgeway, Ontario
576 Ridge Road North – Ridgeway-Crystal Beach High School – Neo-Gothic style – stepped parapet, contrasting brickwork, pilasters between windows, Doric pillars, multi-faceted transom window above door

Niagara Falls, Ontario Book 3 in Colour Photos – My Top 9 Picks

Niagara Falls, Ontario Book 3

Niagara Falls Ontario is located along the Niagara Gorge on the western bank of the Niagara River, which flows from Lake Erie to Lake Ontario. The Niagara River flows over Niagara Falls at this location and creates a natural spectacle that attracts millions of tourists each year. Niagara Falls is about 130 kilometers (81 miles) by road from Toronto, which is across Lake Ontario to the north.

Tourism started in the early nineteenth century. The falls became known as a natural wonder, due in part to paintings by prominent American artists such as Albert Bierstadt. Niagara Falls is the self-proclaimed “honeymoon capital of the world.”

With a plentiful and inexpensive source of hydroelectric power from the waterfalls, many electro-chemical and electro-metallurgical industries located there in the early to mid-20th century.

By 1792-94, a village grew up near Fort Chippawa on Chippawa Creek near the end of the new portage road from Queenston. In 1793, the creek was renamed the Welland River. The village was largely destroyed 1812-14 when the British and American forces fought for control of the Welland River. Portage traffic revived after the war and continued until Chippawa became an outlet for the original Welland Canal from 1829 to 1833. The first horse-powered railway in Upper Canada was built to Niagara Falls in 1837-39.

Precipitated by the opening of the Welland Canal in 1829, by the 1840s, Chippawa was a thriving town. A wide variety of business establishments were located around Cummington Square. Chippawa amalgamated with the City of Niagara Falls in 1970.

Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
4892 Jepson Street – pediment above entrance
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
4930 Jepson Street – turret
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
4888 Hunter Street – This Queen Anne Revival style house was originally covered in clapboard and later with stucco. The square front tower is topped with a peaked roof and round pommel-like copper finial. Every other floor joist is a half log and the foundation walls appear to be earth and rubble.
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
5049 Victoria Avenue – The Niagara Armoury was built in 1911 in the style of a late medieval fortress. It features simulated defense towers at the corners, a crenelated parapet and a massive front entrance formed by a Tudor Gothic arch. The red brick facade has limestone detailing such as windowsills surrounds capping and corbels now covered by paint. It was designed by T. W. Fuller, a government military architect and son of Thomas Fuller who designed the old Post Office (SEE DP.9). It was one of 11 armories built during a period of reform and expansion in the Canadian Militia (1896-1911) and was a recruitment and training center during the First World War. The building now houses the Niagara Military Museum.
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
4673 Victoria Avenue – St. Patrick’s Rectory – oriel window, varied roof line, semi-circular window
4223 Terrace Avenue – Glenview Mansion – 1870 – The house was built by John Drew on his 75-acre farm which he purchased in 1869. In 1881, he sold the house to Dr. John Ferguson who was twice elected Member of Parliament in 1882 and 1887. R. P. Slater, who served as mayor of Niagara Falls in 1899-1901, 1906-07, and 1909, purchased the house and lands in 1893. This large home has a square-plan main building and two rear wings. It was built in the Italianate style, and has a projecting central bay capped by a closed pediment and bay windows flanking the front entrance. Originally the roof had a belvedere surrounded by a wrought iron railing; it has been replaced by dormers. Brick was used to produce decorative elements such as quoins, window labels and the four large chimneys. Much of the brick has been covered with stucco.
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
3289 St. Paul Avenue – Alexander-Robinson House – 1821 – The house was owned by Susannah Alexander, widow of Hugh Alexander (1780-1817), the first merchant to open a store in Stamford. The original 2.5-acre lot later held a fruit farm, and the house offered accommodation for tourists beginning in the 1920s. The house was owned by the Robinson Family from 1913-1995. The central part of the house was built earlier with squared timber walls lined with brick. The north and south gable ends were added later and the structure covered in clapboard and given its Italianate styling. In 1969, the interior was entirely renovated, the front porch was replaced and the exterior was covered in stucco.
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
3121 St. Paul Avenue – Stamford Presbyterian Church – 1871 – The original Presbyterian meeting house, built in 1791 of logs, served the earliest settlers of the area, many of whom were of Scottish descent who chose lands on top of the escarpment. The churchyard to the south, called “God’s Half Acre” when it opened in 1784 is the resting place of many of Stamford’s founding citizens. The present church was built on the foundation of an earlier structure. Features of note are the balustrade on top and triple lancet windows on the front of the tower, and round stained-glass window above the main door. The tower was originally three-sided with a back added later and each corner was once topped by a pinnacle.
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
3360 St. Patrick Avenue – Mitchell Cottage – 1805 – Also known as Stamford Cottage, the original cabin was built on Crown Land granted to the Presbyterian Church to assist early settlers. It was later owned by John Hawkins from 1837 to 1853, and it is to him that the 1840s appearance of the house is attributed. The house was constructed as a log cabin (smaller than the present structure) with heavy timber beams and a stone foundation. In the 1840s, an extension was built on the south end, and Classical Revival elements such as eave returns and a “Georgian Wilderness” type door were added. The exterior is covered with stucco.

Niagara Falls, Ontario Book 2 in Colour Photos – My Top 11 Picks

Niagara Falls, Ontario Book 2

Niagara Falls Ontario is located along the Niagara Gorge on the western bank of the Niagara River which flows from Lake Erie to Lake Ontario.

In 1853 construction began to build an international suspension bridge over the Niagara Gorge. This brought work and prosperity to the north end of Stamford Township. A shanty-town development was erected to house workers at the base of the bridge. Over the years this became the Village of Elgin. Amalgamation of the Village of Elgin with the Town of Clifton was caused by the economic impact of the Great Western, Erie and Ontario Railways. The prosperous town boasted fifteen grocery stores and twenty saloons and hotels.

Samuel Zimmerman, one of the founding fathers of the city, came from Pennsylvania in 1842 with lots of ambition, and some knowledge of construction. He rebuilt parts of the Welland Canal. Recognizing the importance of railroads, Zimmerman began building railway lines including the Great Western (now Canadian National) from Hamilton. Zimmerman’s company played a role in building the Railway Suspension Bridge across the Niagara River Gorge.

During Zimmerman’s lifetime, there were four small communities within what is now Niagara Falls: Chippawa to the south, Clifton, Drummondville, and Stamford Village in the north.

The majority of the early downtown businesses were located on the lower part of Bridge Street, Erie Avenue and River Road, with a few businesses on Clifton Avenue (now Zimmerman) and Park Street. At the turn of the century, retail activity slowly started to shift to Queen Street where to date some of these firms are still operating. The residences of Queen Street have given way to stores and offices that form the Downtown core we see today.

Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
6590 Dunn Street – Stamford Township Lot 161 was first obtained from the Crown by Haggai Skinner who likely built the earlier cabin. It was Henry Spence’s farm from 1854 to 1885. Mr. Spence came from England in 1834 and was noted for his fine brickwork. In 1893, the house and property were purchased by David Weaver and remained in the Weaver family until 1973. The larger front section of the house was constructed by Drummondville Mason Henry Spence, while the rear wood frame wing was originally a settler’s cabin dating to around 1800. An old brick scullery is also attached to the west side of the cabin and has remnants of an original cauldron and bread oven. A board-and-batten garage was added to the rear by the current owners.
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
4267 Bridge Street – Via Rail Station – Positioned beside the International Railway Bridge, this was the busiest and most prestigious terminal of the Great Western and Grand Trunk Railroads. It serviced the growing tourist trade, and was a popular social center with a restaurant in the east wing. Constructed in the Gothic Revival style favored for rail depots of the Victorian age, it has a hipped gable roof, decorative brick banding and limestone door and window accents. Originally installed in the gable ends were carved barge boards.
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
4310 Queen Street – City Hall – 1866 – For years there was a small balcony over the front entrance and orators spoke to the crowds gathered below. It served as City Hall for Niagara Falls until the new building opened in May 1970.
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
4337 Simcoe Street – multi-sloped roofs, Romanesque style window arches on ground floor, enclosed sun porch above veranda, decorative cornice and brackets, fish scale patterning on chipped gables
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
Zimmerman Avenue – Bank – Mansard roof with dormers, quoining around windows and doors, two-storey oriel windows with stepped parapets
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
4711 Zimmerman Avenue – 1896 – The house served as both the home and office of Dr. James McGarry, and later that of his son, pediatrician Dr. Howard McGarry. Between them, the house was the center of medical care for families in Niagara Falls over the course of nearly ninety years. The home has a corner tower, pressed brick and limestone exterior, and irregular roof line. The large Neo-Classical front porch has rounded columns, frieze and a decorated closed pediment. A surgery was added to the rear of the house in 1905.
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
4761 Zimmerman Avenue – Bampfield Hall – James Bampfield built this second home for his wife Margaret who apparently never liked their first house. For generations it remained the property of the Bampfields as they rose to become one of the most prominent commercial families in Niagara Falls. The house is built primarily in the Gothic Revival style with pointed windows, a jerkinhead roof, and gingerbread trim in the gable ends. Its upper structure exhibits the Second Empire style elements of a mansard roof on the central tower and iron cresting on the roof. The Classical style verandah was a later early 20th century addition.
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
4835 Zimmerman Avenue – Bedham Hall Bed and Breakfast – located on Niagara River two miles from Whirlpool Bridge
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
4268 Morrison Street – two-storey bay window, hipped roof
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
4851 River Road – Doran House – 1886 – Park Place Bed and Breakfast – W.L. Doran and his brother owned the Dominion Suspender Company and Niagara Necktie Factories in town. The house served as an unofficial social club and was the scene of both formal balls and many a wild party. It is in the Queen Anne Revival style. Built of fine cream-colored brick, it has a round corner tower with a conical roof, gable windows of various shapes and a curved verandah with a molded frieze supported by slender columns. To the rear of the house is the original detached coach house.
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
4325 Bampfield Street – Built by local lumber merchant John Merrall, this was the first home of the Bampfield family on their arrival in Clifton in 1860. James Bampfield operated the Great Western Restaurant in the east wing of the railroad station. The house was also reputedly used as a brothel for many years earlier in this century. The house is a unique variant of the Regency Style with a perfectly square plan, tall limestone block walls and a high raised basement. The basement was dynamited out of the underlying bedrock and built in the earth and rubble technique without mortar. The attached rear porch shed and roof dormers are later additions.

Niagara Falls, Ontario Book 1 in Colour Photos – My Top 9 Picks

Niagara Falls, Ontario Book 1

Niagara Falls Ontario is located along the Niagara Falls waterfalls and the Niagara Gorge on the western bank of the Niagara River, which flows from Lake Erie to Lake Ontario. The Niagara River flows over Niagara Falls at this location and creates a natural spectacle that attracts millions of tourists each year. Niagara Falls is about 130 kilometers (81 miles) by road from Toronto, which is across Lake Ontario to the north.

Louis Hennepin, a French priest and missionary, is believed to be the first European to visit the area in the 1670s. Increased settlement in this area took place during and after the American Revolutionary War, when the British Crown made land grants to Loyalists to help them resettle in Upper Canada and provide some compensation for their losses after the United States became independent. Loyalist Robert Land received 200 acres and was one of the first people of European descent to settle in the Niagara Region.

Tourism started in the early nineteenth century. The falls became known as a natural wonder, due in part to paintings by prominent American artists such as Albert Bierstadt. Niagara Falls is the self-proclaimed “honeymoon capital of the world.”

With a plentiful and inexpensive source of hydroelectric power from the waterfalls, many electro-chemical and electro-metallurgical industries located there in the early to mid-20th century.

Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
6145 Corwin Avenue – built in 1876 – Egerton Ryerson Morden built and lived in this house. He operated a successful nursery on ten acres of land that surrounded his home. He specialized in small fruit plants and ornamental trees. The house is an example of board and batten in the Italianate and Stickley styles. It has an irregular “L” shaped plan with a one-storey kitchen and bedroom addition to the rear. It has patterned wood shingles and ornamental roof brackets. The house was relocated from Dorchester Road to Corwin Avenue.
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
6151 Culp Street – This house is an example of Cottage Gothic and was built in 1855. It has a central peaked Gothic gable and a jerkin head roof (a roof having a hipped end truncating a gable). The windows have simple wooden drip caps. The central door opening has a transom and sidelights.
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
6023 Culp Street – John Allen Orchard who owned this house was a prominent member of the Drummondville and Stamford Communities. He came with his father from England in 1836. He purchased Lot 5 on Culp Street in 1856 and the house was built soon after. He served as Township Clerk and Clerk of the Division Court. His nephew Joseph Cadham lived there after his uncle’s death in 1896. Joseph’s daughter Margaret inherited the house and lived there the rest of her life. This house has many features of the Queen Anne Revival style. The house has both decorative and wood shingle finish and clapboard siding. The tower and verandah were probably added later in the 1890s.
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
5982 Culp Street – Francis Sheriff and Thomas Bright started the Niagara Falls Wine Company (Brights Wines) in Toronto in 1874. They moved to Niagara Falls in 1890 to be closer to their major source of grapes. This house was built for Francis Sheriff in 1894 for a cost of $4000.00. It is in the Queen Anne Revival style with an asymmetrical form, deep porch, and an irregular roof line which includes gables, dormers and a turret. The house exterior is brick with decorative cedar shingles on the turret and in the gables. The three-part window in the front gable is an adaptation of the Palladian style; the central section has a round headed window. The large wraparound porch has Tuscan style columns that rest on a brick base topped with a square stone cap.
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
6161 Main Street – “A Night to Remember” Bed & Breakfast – Mary E. Ferguson purchased this lot in 1899 and had this house built for rental purposes. It was built in the Queen Anne Revival style. It has an asymmetrical form with a complex roof. The bay window of the second floor extends to form a third-floor tower with a bell-shaped roof. The wraparound porch features columns and a pediment with intricate scroll work.
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
6248 Main Street – St. Mary’s Nativity of the Holy Mother of God Ukrainian Catholic Church – It was built by the local congregation to celebrate the 1000th anniversary of the Ukrainian people’s conversion to Christianity. The church follows traditional forms of Ukrainian architecture with a central dome over a four-armed cruciform pattern. There are no windows on the lower level as churches were also used as sanctuaries for the villagers when they were attacked by marauding Mongol tribes. St. Mary’s was built using huge white pine logs from northern Ontario.
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
5810 Ferry Street – Stamford Township Hall was erected in 1874. It is now the Niagara Falls History Museum. The hall with its durable hammer dressed limestone construction in its eclectic Italianate styling includes a gabled hip roof with brackets and gingerbread trim, windows of different shape on the first and second storeys, and the main entrance archway with a keystone and voussoirs.
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
5993 Barker Street – Henry Spence (1809-1894) was a successful mason and builder of the Drummondville area. Born in England, he emigrated to Canada with his family in 1817. He had acquired a significant amount of property over the years in what is now central Drummondville. He also owned a homestead farm on Township Lot 161 south of present-day Dunn Street from 1854-1885. The main part of the house has a square stone foundation; there is a rear wing with a gable roof. There is a semi-elliptical transom over the front door, a large three-part parlor window, and a bay window. The front porch with its square tapering support columns is likely an early 20th century addition.
Architectural Photos, Niagara Falls, Ontario
5775 Peer Street – John Misener Jr. was born in 1829. He was 26 when he purchased the land on Peer Street from his father. His father, Captain John Misener owned and operated a wagon-making business on the corner of Main Street and Peer Street. John Misener Jr. assumed the wagon-making business after his father’s death in 1855. The house, c. 1855, is in the Ontario Gothic style with a central gable in the roof. The gable window design with a pediment is an adaptation of Italianate form. The field stone wall of the verandah was a later addition. The upper portion of the verandah features elaborate woodwork with turned posts.

Dunnville, Ontario Book 2 and Area in Colour Photos – My Top 14 Picks

Dunnville, Ontario Book 2 and Area

Haldimand County is a municipality on the Niagara Peninsula in Southern Ontario, on the north shore of Lake Erie, and on the Grand River. Haldimand was first created as a county in 1800, from a portion of Norfolk. It was named after the governor of the Province of Quebec Sir Frederick Haldimand. From 1974 to 2000, Haldimand County and Norfolk County were merged to form the Regional Municipality of Haldimand-Norfolk.

The population centers in Haldimand are Caledonia, Dunnville, Hagersville, Jarvis and Cayuga. Most of Haldimand is agricultural land, although some heavy industry, including the Nanticoke Generating Station, is located here. Some of the smaller communities within the municipality are Byng, Canborough, Canfield, Cheapside, Fisherville, Kohler, Lowbanks, Nanticoke, Rainham Centre, Selkirk, South Cayuga, Sweets Corners, and York.

Dunnville is a community near the mouth of Grand River in Haldimand County, and is only a few kilometers from Lake Erie. Dunnville was one of the early thriving centers of Upper Canada and Ontario. Following the American Revolution, a six-mile strip of land on both sides of the Grand River from its mouth to its sources was opened up to settlement by displaced members of the Six Nations Confederacy. The land was granted to the Iroquois tribes by the British to compensate the Confederacy for land lost in the United States during the revolution. The British originally intended the land to remain in the hands of the Indians, but Mohawk Chief Joseph Brant wanted to open it up to settlement in order to create a source of revenue. Brant persuaded the Six Nations to surrender large blocks of land. Many of the early European arrivals were United Empire Loyalists.

South Cayuga lies on the north shore of Lake Erie, ten kilometers east of Dunnville. Initially part of the Six Nations of the Grand River Indian Reserve, the heavy clay soil of South Cayuga Township was well suited to the cultivation of grain, hay, and livestock.

Sweet’s Corners is located on Rainham Road west of South Cayuga.

Kohler was named for the Kohler family, one of many German immigrants who came to the area in the mid-1800s. It is located on County Road 8 south of Cayuga, and north of Rainham Centre.

Jarvis is located near the towns of Simcoe, Cayuga, Port Dover and Hagersville. Jarvis is strategically located at the junction of Highways 3 and 6. Jarvis has some excellent examples of brick architecture. Many of the historic homes were built after 1873. Many of the town’s restaurants and shops are clustered around the intersection of the highways. The majority of the buildings are red brick.

Architectural Photos, Dunnville, Ontario
111 Alder Street – turret
Architectural Photos, Dunnville, Ontario
109 Alder Street – two-story bay window, dormer in attic
Architectural Photos, Dunnville, Ontario
225 Alder Street West – second floor balcony
Photos, Dunnville, Ontario
“Muddy” the mudcat – A mudcat is a form of channel catfish and has long been associated with Dunnville. At over fifty feet in length, this is the largest statue of its kind in the world.
Architectural Photos, Haldimand County, Ontario
6156 Rainham Road, South Cayuga
Architectural Photos, Haldimand County, Ontario
Rainham Road, South Cayuga
Architectural Photos, Haldimand County, Ontario
5330 Rainham Road, Sweet’s Corners – bay window with cornice brackets
Architectural Photos, Haldimand County, Ontario
6027 Rainham Road, Sweet’s Corners – three-story, mansard roof, frontispiece, bay window on side, full-width veranda
Architectural Photos, Haldimand County, Ontario
2191 Lakeshore Road – Gothic – two-story baby window, verge board trim on gables
Architectural Photos, Haldimand County, Ontario
Lakeshore Road – hipped roof, cornice brackets, widows’ walk on rooftop
Architectural Photos, Haldimand County, Ontario
1204 Kohler Road, Kohler – Gothic – verge board trim on gables, bay window
Architectural Photos, Jarvis, Ontario
60 Talbot Street East, Jarvis – Italianate style with frontispiece, triangular pediment, dormers in the attic
Architectural Photos, Jarvis, Ontario
45 Talbot Street, Jarvis – Second Empire style – mansard roof, dormers in roof, single cornice brackets, cornice return on small gables on window dormers
Architectural Photos, Jarvis, Ontario
53 Talbot Street East, Jarvis – Jones-Doughty Residence, one of the oldest homes in Jarvis, built in 1865 by local builders with the bricks supplied by the local Rodgers Brick Yard, is a polychromatic brick house with hints of Italianate styling as seen in the hip roof, round-headed windows, paired brackets, and window arches. Decorative brick patterning is found in the entry porch, at the wall corners and cornice, and above and below the windows. In the entry doorway, arched sidelights flank both the door and transom. The inner door has a large glass panel, sidelights and transom. Iron rods pass through the house to help stabilize it.

Dunnville, Ontario Book 1 in Colour Photos – My Top 11 Picks

Dunnville, Ontario Book 1

Dunnville is a community near the mouth of Grand River in Haldimand County, and is only a few kilometers from Lake Erie. Dunnville was one of the early thriving centers of Upper Canada and Ontario. Following the American Revolution, a six-mile strip of land on both sides of the Grand River from its mouth to its sources was opened up to settlement by displaced members of the Six Nations Confederacy. The land was granted to the Iroquois tribes by the British to compensate the Confederacy for land lost in the United States during the revolution.

The British originally intended the land to remain in the hands of the Indians, but Mohawk Chief Joseph Brant wanted to open it up to settlement in order to create a source of revenue. Brant persuaded the Six Nations to surrender large blocks of land. Many of the early European arrivals were United Empire Loyalists.

By 1825, twenty-five people lived around Dunnville with a grist mill, a saw mill, and a distillery owned by Squire Anthony who was perhaps the first settler in the area. William Hamilton Merritt is called the Father of Canadian Transportation. With his vision and energy, the Feeder Canal connected Dunnville to the rest of the Welland Canal which flowed from Port Dalhousie on Lake Ontario to Welland. Large amounts of timber were shipped by scows from the Grand River to Buffalo and other markets for use as fuel for the new and growing railroads. The initial Dunnville Dam was finished in 1829, in time for the opening of the Welland Canal in November of that year. The project brought laborers to the area, creating a need for farm produce and housing. The damming of the river provided a reliable source of power which supported mills and businesses including a tannery and a cloth factory. Dunnville was also served by the Buffalo, Brantford and Goderich Railway and was an important port which warranted its own government customs office.

By 1907, Dunnville had four large textile mills. Textiles continued to fuel the town’s development for many years.

Architectural Photos, Dunnville, Ontario
241 Broad Street West – The Lalor Estate is a two-and-a-half-storey residence with a four-gable roof and a wraparound veranda with fluted columns. This Edwardian structure was built in 1905. Its builder was Francis Ramsey Lalor, a prominent Dunnville businessman, politician, philanthropist, and entrepreneur. His business interests included two dry goods stores, a grocery store, an apple evaporator, natural gas wells, the F.R. Lalor Canning Factories, the F.R. Lalor Ashes Company, and the Monarch Knitting Mills. The exterior walls are red brick. There is a two-storey bay window, Tudor-style timbering in the gable, a pediment above the entrance with a decorative tympanum, and sidelights beside the front door.
Architectural Photos, Dunnville, Ontario
201 Broad Street East – Dunnville Post Office
Architectural Photos, Dunnville, Ontario
119 Broad Street East – widow’s walk with iron cresting, dormer, Ionic pillars, circular window in side gable
Architectural Photos, Dunnville, Ontario
415 Niagara Street – dormers in hip roof, two-storey bay window
Architectural Photos, Dunnville, Ontario
307 Niagara Street
Architectural Photos, Dunnville, Ontario
307 Tamarac Street – Neo-Colonial – gambrel roof
Architectural Photos, Dunnville, Ontario
Lock Street – wraparound veranda
Architectural Photos, Dunnville, Ontario
213 Lock Street – Edwardian – Palladian window
Architectural Photos, Dunnville, Ontario
431 Queen Street – George Sime emigrated from Scotland to Canada in the 1840s and settled in Dunnville. He was a tanner and courier by trade; he was a respected businessman and prominent landowner involved in local politics. He built this two-storey home in 1869 in the Italianate style of architecture. The hipped roof has projecting eaves with paired cornice brackets. The keystone above the entrance has a thistle; there are sidelights and a transom surrounding the door. The middle keystone on the upper storey has the date.
Architectural Photos, Dunnville, Ontario
304 Church Street – two-storey frontispiece with quoins and cornice return on gable
Architectural Photos, Dunnville, Ontario
48 North Shore Drive – Gothic

Cayuga and York, Ontario in Colour Photos – My Top 14 Picks

Cayuga and York, Ontario

Early patterns of settlement in Haldimand County are still visible in the landscape and architecture, spanning from the pre-Contact era to the proclamation of the Haldimand Land Grant for the Six Nations and the subsequent migration of Loyalist settlers – Americans, largely of German descent and Mennonite tradition. Throughout the 1800s, immigration from the British Isles contributed significantly to the area’s development, as did the small but industrious Black community of the late nineteenth century – many descended from ex-slaves of the American South. Since the post-war years of the twentieth century, a significant stream of immigration from the Netherlands has also added to our ever-expanding mosaic of cultural identity, as have the age-old traditions of our Indigenous neighbors – the Six Nations and New Credit communities.

Following the American Revolution, Sir Frederick Haldimand, Governor-in-Chief of Canada, granted in 1784 to the Six Nations of the Iroquois a tract of land extending for six miles on both sides of the Grand River from its source to Lake Erie. This grant was made in recognition of their services as allies of the British Crown during the war, and to recompense them for the loss of their former lands in northern New York State. In later years, large areas of this tract, including portions of the present counties of Haldimand, Brant, Waterloo and Wellington, were sold to white settlers.

By 1853, Cayuga had lumber yards, a foundry, and a glass factory.

At its height, York had twenty businesses that included mills, inns, shoemakers, general stores, blacksmiths, and a lumber yard. It had a two-room school house and two churches.

Architectural Photos, Cayuga, Ontario
1 Cayuga Street North – Greek Revival – pediment above Doric pillars, keystones, quoins
Architectural Photos, Cayuga, Ontario
12 Cayuga Street North – Post Office
Architectural Photos, Cayuga, Ontario
31 Cayuga Street taken from Mohawk Street – Edwardian with bay windows, turret in wing
Architectural Photos, Cayuga, Ontario
55 Munsee Street – Jailer’s Residence – 1877 – Italianate style, low hipped roof, overhanging eaves with brackets, a bullseye window
Architectural Photos, Cayuga, Ontario
Munsee Street – Italianate, paired cornice brackets
Architectural Photos, Cayuga, Ontario
41 Echo Street – Italianate, dormer in attic
Architectural Photos, Cayuga, Ontario
40 Ottawa Street – hipped roof, bay window
Architectural Photos, Cayuga, Ontario
26 Tuscarora Street – hipped roof, cornice brackets, two-story bay windows
Architectural Photos, Cayuga, Ontario
5 Mohawk Street – The Duff House – replica of a 17th century New England Garrison style house – steep pitched cedar-shake A-roof, second story overhang, double casement wooden windows
Architectural Photos, Cayuga, Ontario
17 Winnett Street – gable roof, balanced facade, side sun room with balcony above
Architectural Photos, Cayuga, Ontario
4104 Highway 3 – Campbell-Pine House – c. 1895 – limestone farmhouse with hipped roof, two-story veranda; a large portion of Donald Campbell’s 1847 stone cottage is incorporated into the walls of the house. Donald Campbell was one of the earliest settlers of North Cayuga Township; he operated a steam sawmill on the premises.
Architectural Photos, Cayuga, Ontario
243 Haldimand Highway 54 – Ruthven Estate, the main house and wing, c. 1845, was designed by the master building/architect John Latshaw. Ruthven Park is a 1,500-acre country estate. The house is in the Greek Revival style with a broad staircase leading to a front landing with classical columns. The south wing was added c. 1860, the south-east wing c. 1880, and the east wing c. 1884. It was the former home of five generations of the Thompson family from the 1840s to 1990s. David Thompson came to the area and started a saw mill in 1834, and added a grist mill in 1836. David was instrumental in the laying out of the former 1200-acre town of Indiana. He eventually owned two sawmills, as well as a gristmill, carding mill, cooperage, and several stores. Overall, Indiana supported over thirty industries and was the largest industrial town in Haldimand County in the mid-nineteenth century.
Architectural Photos, York, Ontario
39 Front Street South, York – The Enniskillen Lodge, formerly the Barber Hotel, was built in 1862 for Mr. Daniel Barber, a prominent local hotelier. Large Georgian style windows, doors, and brick detailing are spaced and designed symmetrically. It has a projected cornice with dentils, Regency four-panel door with sidelights and rectangular transom, hood molds over windows, horizontal banding, and corner quoins.
Architectural Photos, York, Ontario
2389 Haldimand Road 9 – Italianate – cornice brackets, corner quoins, two-story bay windows

Fisherville, Nanticoke, Selkirk, Ontario in Colour Photos – My Top 16 Picks

Fisherville, Nanticoke, Selkirk, Ontario

Haldimand County is a municipality on the Niagara Peninsula in Southern Ontario, on the north shore of Lake Erie, and on the Grand River. Haldimand was first created as a county in 1800, from a portion of Norfolk. It was named after the governor of the Province of Quebec Sir Frederick Haldimand. From 1974 to 2000, Haldimand County and Norfolk County were merged to form the Regional Municipality of Haldimand-Norfolk.

The population centers in Haldimand are Caledonia, Dunnville, Hagersville, Jarvis and Cayuga. Most of Haldimand is agricultural land, although some heavy industry, including the Nanticoke Generating Station, is located here. Some of the smaller communities within the municipality are Byng, Canborough, Canfield, Cheapside, Fisherville, Kohler, Lowbanks, Nanticoke, Rainham Centre, Selkirk, South Cayuga, Sweets Corners, and York.

The first white inhabitants of Rainham were Jacob Hoover with his sons Abraham, David, Benjamin and Daniel who came from Pennsylvania in 1791, traveling in wagons in which they carried all their moveable possessions.

They purchased about 2,500 acres of land from the government. The Hoovers were Mennonites of Swiss descent. The Hoovers were a thrifty and industrious family and soon had large clearings. They became wealthy as they were the first settlers who had any surplus produce to sell to others who came a few years later.

Manufactured items were very expensive so the settlers made as many items as they could. Many of them made their own harness of basswood bark boiled in lye which was a fair substitute for leather.

The township covers about 25,000 acres with stiff clay soil that is very productive and well cultivated. Fisherville and Rainham Centre are the only villages wholly in the township. Fisherville is the center of the German settlement and has a population of about one hundred and fifty people.

Nanticoke is located on the western border of Haldimand County. Nanticoke is located directly across Lake Erie from the United States city of Erie, Pennsylvania. Unlike the majority of Haldimand or Norfolk County, Nanticoke is a highly industrialized community. This community is southeast of Simcoe in neighboring Norfolk County and south of Brantford. Nanticoke’s residential area is bordered on the west by the Nanticoke Industrial Park, home to the U.S. Steel Canada Lake Erie Works and a number of smaller businesses.

The Esso Refinery Nanticoke is on the northeast, and the Nanticoke Generating Station is on the southeast. Nanticoke used to be a bustling farming and fishing community inhabited since the late eighteenth century. Nanticoke adapted to the Industrial Revolution and became a desired spot for heavy industry.

In 1974, Nanticoke was incorporated as a city within the Regional Municipality of Haldimand-Norfolk through the amalgamation of the towns of Port Dover and Waterford, the village of Jarvis, and parts of the townships of Rainham, Townsend, Walpole and Woodhouse. In 2001, the town and all other municipalities within the region were dissolved and the region was divided into two single tier municipalities with city-status but called counties. What was the city of Nanticoke is now split between Haldimand County and Norfolk County. Wind Turbines were installed in November 2013.

Cheapside is located in the Regional Municipality of Haldimand-Norfolk and is part of the City of Nanticoke. I n 1854 David Silverthom settled here and opened the first store. He was bought out in 1860 by William Pugsley who called the place Cheap Corner. When the post office opened around 1865 the postal department proposed the present name which was accepted by residents.

Lake Erie shoreline, quiet roads and countryside make Selkirk a haven for travelers. Selkirk is located forty-five kilometers southwest of Hamilton and a short drive from Dunnville, Cayuga, Port Dover and Simcoe. Selkirk is the oldest village in Walpole Township. Settled by the Hoover family around 1800, the village was the site of a mill and an important center for the local farming community. When the post office opened in 1831 the village was called Walpole. In 1855, the village was renamed Selkirk, in honor of Thomas Douglas, Lord Selkirk, who once owned land in the area.

Architectural Photos, Fisherville, Ontario
Ye Olde Fisherville Restaurant
Architectural Photos, Fisherville, Ontario
#4 – second floor balcony
Architectural Photos, Fisherville, Ontario
#9, Fisherville – Gothic
Architectural Photos, Fisherville, Ontario
#19, Fisherville – larger dormer, wraparound veranda
Architectural Photos, Fisherville, Ontario
#12 – Fisherville, Ontario
Architectural Photos, Fisherville, Ontario
#5 Fisherville, Ontario
601 Haldimand Road 12, Fisherville
601 Haldimand Road 12, Fisherville – The Charles Reicheld House crafted by traditional German carpenter Valentine Hartwick in 1886 – farmhouse with cornice brackets, dichromatic brickwork, hipped roof
Architectural Photos, Selkirk, Ontario
95 Concession 4, Fisherville – The Hoover log house built in 1793 on the Lake Erie shore south of Selkirk for Daniel Hoover, son of Jacob Hoover from Pennsylvania. In 1997, the fire damaged remnants were brought by Mr. Bill Fletcher, reassembled and relocated on his farm.
Architectural Photos, Rainham Centre, Ontario
255 Kohler Road, Rainham Centre – former school
Architectural Photos, Nanticoke, Ontario
Nanticoke – Gothic Revival – verge board trim on gables
Architectural Photos, Nanticoke, Ontario
Rainham Road – Methodist Church – 1874
Architectural Photos, Cheapside, Ontario
Wilson MacDonald Memorial School Museum, Cheapside – The original square framed school was opened on land owned by James Buckley and was replaced by this red brick one in 1872. It closed in 1965 and reopened in 1967 as a museum and memorial to Wilson MacDonald, a former student and renowned poet.
Architectural Photos, Selkirk, Ontario
S.S. No. 3 Union School, Selkirk – 1918 – the school closed in 1949. It reopened in 1967 as a library and Selkirk Centennial Community Centre.
Architectural Photos, Selkirk, Ontario
27 Erie Street South, Selkirk – James Cooper built this house in 1870. In 1878 he sold it to George Hoover. The frame house has irregular massing and is in the Second Empire style. It has an over-sized horseshoe dormer with barge board and finial, elaborate window molds with pediments. The three-story tower has four dormers in the mansard roof. The Fess family purchased it in 1947.
Architectural Photos, Selkirk, Ontario
15 Erie Street North, Selkirk – Italianate, hipped roof, cornice brackets, quoins, banding
Architectural Photos, Selkirk, Ontario
15 Erie Street North, Selkirk – Italianate, hipped roof, cornice brackets, quoins, banding