St. Catharines, Ontario – Book 1 in Colour Photos – My Top 9 Picks

The Port Dalhousie community is located on a small peninsula that separates Martindale Pond from Lake Ontario. The historical growth of this community around an elongated road grid pattern can be directly attributed to the development of the Welland canals, commerce, industry and Great Lakes shipping during the 19th century. By the end of the 20th century, Port Dalhousie began to be recognized as an area of rich cultural heritage.

The commercial core, located on Lakeport Road, Lock Street and Hogan´s Alley, is characterized by varying architectural styles from the 19th and early 20th centuries, ranging from red and buff brick to Italianate.

The residential area is comprised of dwellings once inhabited by sailors, canal workers, business people, lock tenders, farmers and many other individuals from an eclectic mix of social classes. Architectural styles include Gothic Revival, Colonial Revival, and Neo-classical among others.

Port Dalhousie was the terminus for the first three routes of the Welland Canal, built in 1820, 1845 and 1889. The city’s most popular beach, on the shore of Lake Ontario, is located in Port Dalhousie at Lakeside Park. The park is home to an antique carousel which was carved by Charles I. D. Looff in 1905 and brought to St. Catharines in 1921. It continues to provide amusement for young and old alike, at just 5 cents a ride. Port Dalhousie is named for George Ramsay, 9th Earl of Dalhousie, Governor General of British North America from 1820-1828.

At the time of European colonization, the British Crown appropriated the land from the Neutral Indians, and transferred title of the area to Captain Peter Tenbroeck, a United Empire Loyalist officer in Butler’s Rangers, as part of an 800 acre land grant. Tenbroeck and other settlers established farms along the Twelve Mile Creek. Within a few years, ships began to ply the waters of Lake Ontario, but only small craft could navigate to the fledgling mills and hamlet of Shipman’s Corners, later St. Catharines.

The northern entrance to the Welland Canal was at Port Dalhousie. Industries and services to meet the needs of the growing settlement were established. In 1837, a Scottish boat builder called Robert Abbey started a shipyard at Port Dalhousie, building yawls, sailing yachts and eventually steam yachts.

Confederation in 1867 was a major factor in the building of the Third Welland Canal. A new and enlarged waterway was needed for the larger steamers on the Great Lakes. By 1890 almost 300,000 tons of cargo were shipped along the canal each year, primarily wheat, corn, coal and forest products. By 1914, this had increased to almost four million tons. Further canal enlargements were needed and a new Welland Ship Canal was completed in 1930 which bypassed Port Dalhousie.

Architectural Photos, St. Catharines, Ontario
34 Main Street
Architectural Photos, St. Catharines, Ontario
55 Main Street
Architectural Photos, St. Catharines, Ontario
58 Main Street
Architectural Photos, St. Catharines, Ontario
73 Main Street
Architectural Photos, St. Catharines, Ontario
109 Main Street – two storey, Italianate, hipped roof, keystones and voussoirs above windows and door
Architectural Photos, St. Catharines, Ontario
127 Main Street – pediment, Palladian window in gable
Architectural Photos, St. Catharines, Ontario
Main Street – Tudor timbering on stucco
Architectural Photos, St. Catharines, Ontario
206 Main Street – dormers
Architectural Photos, St. Catharines, Ontario
The factory at 63 Lakeport Road was built between 1899 and 1900 for the Maple Leaf Rubber Company. In 1955 A. Stewart Howes established Lincoln Fabrics Limited as a weaver of specialty fabrics. Stewart’s son David assumed leadership of the company from 1983 until his death in 2015. Both father and son were committed to a family oriented business employing a loyal and skilled workforce from the local community. Both were involved in the community.

Grimsby, Ontario – Book 2 in Colour Photos – My Top 7 Picks

Before written history, the Neutral Indians lived here. It was a perfect home with forests teeming with game, the lake providing fresh fish and transportation, and the fertile plain ideal for agriculture. The Neutrals were wiped out by their enemies by 1650.

In 1787, a group of United Empire Loyalists arrived from New Jersey. They named their little settlement The Forty after the creek which was believed to be forty miles from the mouth of the Niagara River.

John Graves Simcoe, an officer of the British army who served in the American War of Independence, became the first lieutenant-governor of Upper Canada (Ontario) from 1792-1796. The naming of the newly surveyed townships was part of his duty, and on a number of them he gave places names from Lincolnshire, England. One of these was Grimsby.

In the early days the many creeks on top of the Niagara Escarpment which flowed into Lake Ontario – each with a waterfall – were named according to their approximate distance from the Niagara River. There is the Twelve Mile creek, the Sixteen, the Twenty, the Forty, etc. It was along these creeks and stretching back from then on either side that the first settlers took up their land and built their log cabins, their saw mills and grist mills. This is how the Settlement at The Forty – later called Grimsby (from the name of the township) – began.

Less than twenty years after the arrival of the first settlers, the United States declared war on Britain and began by attacking Canada from three points – one of them was Niagara. In 1813, the Engagement at the Forty occurred on June 8, 1813. American forces, retreating after the Battle of Stoney creek, were bombarded by a British flotilla under Sir James Lucas Yeo. Indians and groups of the 4th and 5th Regiments Lincoln Militia joined in the attack and created such confusion in the enemy ranks that they abandoned this position and retreated to Fort George.

Architectural Photos, Grimsby, Ontario
14 Robinson Street South – Helen Gibson House – Local quarryman and builder, W.F. Gibson, built the first two cement block homes in Grimsby at 14 and 16 Robinson Street South in 1912. In 1921, Mr. Gibson completely rebuilt 14 Robinson Street South. The building was reconstructed in the classical Georgian style with its long sharply pitched roof, internal chimney, symmetrical facade and centre hall layout. Plaster and stucco were then applied to the cement block. Dominating the front entrance is a Neo-Classical vaultro portico.
Architectural Photos, Grimsby, Ontario
23 Mountain Street – This home was built in 1855 by John H. Grout, son of Reverend George Grout the rector of St. Andrew’s Church. John became an important citizen, and entrepreneur who established the Grout Agricultural Works which manufactured reapers and mowers, the most modern farm machinery. He became a Reeve in 1876 when Grimsby became a town. Note the fine detail over the windows of the house and the stained glass windows framing the door.
Architectural Photos, Grimsby, Ontario
The Gibson house at 114 Gibson Avenue was built circa 1860 by Robert Lillie Gibson using red variegated free stone from his quarries on the escarpment above. He came to Grimsby in search of good stone for quarrying. Robert and the men in this family were stonemasons from Scotland. He settled on the west above Grimsby and established a quarry there. He met and fell in love with Frances Thompson and they were married. Robert built the little house at 102 Gibson Avenue for his bride, but he began work on the lovely stone house by Forty Mile Creek. Robert’s quarry above the house was a success due to the building boom in public structures and railway bridges during that era. Rock was carried from the quarry to waiting ships by means of a little railway that ran from the base of the escarpment to the foot of Maple Avenue where a pier was built for this purpose. In 1870, Robert opened a second quarry in Beamsville. At that time, he brought his 21-year-old nephew, William from Scotland to act as bookkeeper. When Robert died in an unfortunate accident in 1882, William took over the operation of the quarries. In 1891, William ran successfully for Parliament, holding his seat until 1902. He was then appointed to the Senate. Senator Gibson School in Beamsville is named for him.
Architectural Photos, Grimsby, Ontario
25 Adelaide Street was constructed in 1911 as a result of an $8,000 grant from the Carnegie Corporation of New York whose purpose was to promote the advancement of knowledge. It served as Grimsby’s library until 2003. The three-part façade represents strength, wisdom and beauty. The portico is in the classic Greek design.
Architectural Photos, Grimsby, Ontario
18 Nelles Road North – William Boise Nelles built this house on his fruit farm in 1905. Around 1800, William Nelles built The Hermitage on land near Lake Ontario. When he died, the land was divided between his sons, Peter Ball Nelles and John Adolphus Nelles. Peter had the eastern portion of the land, which he called Chestnut Park. John Adolphus had the western part on which he built Lakelawn.
Architectural Photos, Grimsby, Ontario
376 Nelles Road North – Lakelawn, named for the grassy stretch between the house and lake, was built in 1846 by John Adolphus Nelles, son of William and nephew of Robert. The house remained in the family until the death of John’s great-granddaughter, Mary Burnham in 1986. John’s brother Peter Ball Nelles shared this property and built a lovely home called Stone Shanty. It was unfortunately razed when the Queen Elizabeth Highway was built.
Architectural Photos, Grimsby, Ontario
13 Fair Avenue – Edwardian style – second floor sleeping balcony

Grimsby, Ontario – Book 1 in Colour Photos – My Top 14 Picks

Grimsby is a town on Lake Ontario in the Niagara Region. It is named after the English fishing town of Grimsby in North East Lincolnshire. The majority of residents reside in the area bounded by Lake Ontario and the Niagara Escarpment. Grimsby has experienced significant growth over the past decade as the midpoint between Hamilton and St. Catharines.

The town of Grimsby was founded in 1790 (originally named Township Number 6 and then ‘The Forty’), after a group of United Empire Loyalists settled at the mouth of 40 Mile Creek in 1787. A Loyalist from the Mohawk Valley, New York, Robert Nelles and his father and brothers were among the first to settle at The Forty following the American Revolution. Robert Nelles was a politician and later lieutenant-colonel in the War of 1812. In 1816 the village became known as Grimsby, the name of the surrounding township.

The town has gone through many changes, from being a small rural village; to a centre for the manufacture of farm machinery, hospital furniture, furnaces and other metal products; and later the hub of the Niagara Peninsula’s fruit-growing industry. Grimsby had a successful fishing industry which lasted until the 1960s. The Town of Grimsby and the Township of North Grimsby were amalgamated in 1970 with the formation of the Regional Municipality of Niagara. With a number of wineries and distilleries, Grimsby now serves as the starting point for touring the Niagara wine region.

Grimsby is the birthplace of Hollywood director, Del Lord who rose to acclaim as the director of most of the Three Stooges short vaudeville comedies. Later, under Columbia Pictures, he directed nearly two hundred feature films.

Grimsby Beach was once a major holiday resort. Grimsby Park started in 1846 as a park for the Hamilton district of the Methodist Church. In 1910, the park’s new owner, Harry Wylie, modernized the park with carousels, a motion picture theatre, and a “Figure 8” roller coaster. Operations continued until 1949, with attractions gradually closing and developers buying land to build houses.

Bisecting the town is the Queen Elizabeth Way. It has three exchanges in the town, with Casablanca Boulevard in the west, a central exchange for three roads (Christie Street, Ontario Street, and Maple Avenue), and Bartlett Avenue in the east.

Architectural Photos, Grimsby, Ontario
245 Main Street East – The first house here, called Inchyra, was built in 1846 by John Beamer Bowslaugh but was destroyed by fire in 1874 and was rebuilt as it is today. Bowslaugh was the benefactor of Grimsby Park. The widow’s walk was built around 1920. A widow’s walk is a railed rooftop platform, originally designed to observe vessels at sea. The name comes from the wives of mariners who would watch for their spouses to return. In some instances, the ocean took the lives of the mariners, leaving the women as widows; they would often gaze out to sea wishing that their loved ones would return home and the name widow’s walk was born.
Architectural Photos, Grimsby, Ontario
239 Main Street East – dormer in attic, 2½-storey bay window
Architectural Photos, Grimsby, Ontario
217 Main Street East – Park Public School – In 1805, School Section (S.S.) No. 1 North Grimsby Township was built of logs on what is now known as Park Road. A frame building was erected on the southeast corner of Park Road and what is now Regional Road 81 in1825. This building served as the school until 1865, when a one room red brick schoolhouse was built. The first teacher was Walter H. Nelles. In those early days, the teacher boarded with a nearby family. The teacher’s board paid for the tuition for the children in the family. Fifty cents a week was paid to the family responsible for starting the fire in the school every morning, and another fifty cents went to those who swept and dusted the school. By 1909, a larger school was needed because of the growing number of people living in the Grimsby Beach area to the north of the school. A four-room brick building was constructed on the present site on a two acre parcel of land. As the school board had decided in 1909 to build the school much larger than needed, it wasn’t until 195l that expansion was necessary. Two classrooms were added, and modern flush toilets and heating were installed.
Architectural Photos, Grimsby, Ontario
130 Main Street East – Walter Nelles, son of Peter Ball Nelles and his wife Mary Sumner, built this Italianate style house with a hipped roof with deck, 2½-storey frontispiece, paired cornice brackets, voussoirs and keystones, corner quoins, pediment above entrance.
Architectural Photos, Grimsby, Ontario
91 Main Street East – 2½-storey frontispiece, dichromatic corner quoining, cornice brackets, broken pediment above door
Architectural Photos, Grimsby, Ontario
22 Main Street West – built in 1839 by Dr. Jonathan Woolverton. It was his home and office until his death in 1883. It has a three-storey tower, turret, dormer, second floor balconies, pediments above doors with sidelights, battlement above door to right of picture
Architectural Photos, Grimsby, Ontario
126 Main Street West – Nelles Manor is a historic home completed in 1798 by Colonel Robert Nelles, a Loyalist from the Mohawk Valley, New York. The house is considered to be the oldest inhabited dwelling between Niagara and Kingston. It was built in the Georgian style of locally quarried stone over a ten year period (1788-98). Built facing north and Lake Ontario on an old path called Squire Nelles’ Lane, the main entrance was later moved to the south on the other side, with a pillared porch facing on to the new Stone Road (now Main Street). The Neo-Classical portico was added in the early 1820s. This home served as Nelles’ residence during his lengthy career as Justice of the Peace, Member of the Legislative Assembly and Commander of the 14th Lincoln Militia. Colonel Nelles’ office was a small room on the north side, where he performed many marriages before clergy were available. The house was a centre for gala events and remained in the Nelles family possession until 1963. It has seven fireplaces, walnut woodwork and spacious halls and rooms. Originally a private residence, it was turned into a museum in 2016 and is now open to the public.
Architectural Photos, Grimsby, Ontario
92 Main Street West – hipped roof, 2½-storey tower-like bay with half-circle window in gable, voussoirs and keystones, pediment above porch
Architectural Photos, Grimsby, Ontario
99 Main Street West – This small stone cottage is believed to have been built for the Nelles family seamstress by a stone mason who used the stone left over from the building of Nelles Manor. A resident seamstress was a necessity since manufactured garments were not available in pioneer Upper Canada. It is believed to date from about 1812. Ann, the present owner, has lived there for twenty-seven years. Gothic – cornice return on gable, bay window
Architectural Photos, Grimsby, Ontario
123 Main Street West – Dolmage House – circa 1876 – Robert Dolmage (1820-1889), a general merchant on Main Street, built this red brick home for his wife and daughters. After his wife’s death in 1904, the girls care was entrusted to Claude Boden, a shop assistant who had been adopted by Robert. When the last sister Florence died in 1945, she left her estate to Claude who was then free to marry his long-time fiancée Cora March, a teacher at Hagar School. The historic house now operates as The Iron Gate Retreat, a day spa.
Architectural Photos, Grimsby, Ontario
127 Main Street West – This home was originally built as Henry Nelles’ merchant shop and granary. The joinery used to build the house indicates that it was originally constructed by ship carpenters. The post and beam interior is made of lovely red pine. At one time this would have been a local gathering place as residents purchased their needed supplies. There is a cornice return on the gable.
Architectural Photos, Grimsby, Ontario
159 Main Street West – White House was built in 1830 by John Grout for his son, Reverend George Grout. The White House is an elegant two-storey Loyalist Neo-Classical house in the Georgian style. It is a solid stone house with white plastered walls. The two-tiered porch, a later addition, has four fluted Doric columns with square bases supporting the upper portion of the porch. Plain hand rails are on either side of the main entrance. More decorative balusters and molded hand rails border the upper tier. A pair of pilasters separates the sidelights from the doorway. The upper windows are in a pattern of twelve panes over eight, the lower larger sash windows are twelve over twelve. The low pitched, hip roof of the main house is trimmed by a plain fascia and molded soffit. There are three brick chimneys. The house is said to have served as part of the Underground Railroad and a refuge for former slaves.
Architectural Photos, Grimsby, Ontario
326 Main Street West – turret with widow’s walk, full-width 2nd floor balcony
Architectural Photos, Grimsby, Ontario
390 Main Street West – names for the house are Smith-Geddes House, Thornfield Hall, The Stone House – The two-and-a-half-storey stone building was constructed between 1876 and 1878. The Smith-Geddes House was built on a flat area of land amidst orchards of peach and cherry trees. The rural location, close to Lake Ontario to the northeast and the Niagara escarpment to the southwest, creates a unique natural setting. Born in 1828, John Henry Smith was a descendant of one of the area’s earliest settlers, United Empire Loyalist John Smith. John Smith came with his wife and children to the Grimsby area in 1787, and settled on a land grant between the Niagara escarpment and Lake Ontario. Smith-Geddes House was built for his son, John Henry Smith, a businessman and entrepreneur.

Mount Pleasant, Newport, Onondaga, Middleport, Ontario in Colour Photos – My Top 16 Picks

Township of Brantford

Brantford Township was the largest and most central township of Brant County. The first area settled was along Fairchild’s Creek north west of Cainsville. The township was blessed with many creeks that were developed with mills. The first industrial operation in the township was a mill operated by James Percy in Mount Pleasant. The township also has fertile soil and land was quickly settled and within twenty-five years was well under cultivation and thriving. Within the township are the villages of Mount Pleasant, Burtch, Newport, Cainsville and Langford, as well as the homes of Alexander Graham Bell and George Brown, a father of confederation.

Within decades of its founding in 1799 by the Ellis and Sturgis families, Mount Pleasant was a prosperous and cultured settlement with flourishing farms, inns, mills, schools, a drill hall, and commercial establishments. Today Mount Pleasant’s long and lovely main street retains much of its rural charm and many of its old homes, churches, and farmsteads. Mount Pleasant Road is part of the Long Point Trail, an old Indian trail which went from the Grand River in Brantford south to Lake Erie.

Emily Stowe was the first woman to practice medicine in Canada and also the first woman school principal. After her marriage in 1856 to carriage-maker John Stowe, she taught at the renowned Nelles Academy at 667 Mount Pleasant Road. She studied medicine in the United States because she was refused admission to a Canadian medical school. She did a lot of campaigning for increased education opportunities for women, and her daughter, Augusta Stowe Gullen, born in Mount Pleasant in 1857, became the first woman to graduate in medicine from a Canadian university in 1883.

One of the earliest settlers in the area of Newport was Edee Burtch who purchased land from Joseph Brant around 1796. As more settlers arrived, the area became known as Burtch’s Landing and was later renamed Newport. Newport was laid out for settlement by Thaddeus Smith in l857. Newport was a thriving shipping port offering passenger service to Buffalo on the Red Jacket and Queen paddle wheel steamers that operated on the Grand River. There were also facilities for handling general freight. The village with several hundred people had two wagon and carriage shops, two blacksmith shops, brickyards, several general stores, a post office, two churches, a school, a tavern/ hotel, a sawmill, grain warehouses and a grist mill.

Township of Onondaga

The township was named for the Onondagas, a nation within the Six Nations. They settled on land granted to the Six Nations under the Haldimand Proclamation of 1784. The Grand River, which forms the southern boundary of the county of Brant, was the main artery for transportation, communication, and economic sustenance. Today this river is mainly used for recreation. In the 1830s settlers began moving into this rich agricultural area.

This Village of Onondaga was first known as Smith’s Corners for David Smith who operated a grocery store and a saloon. The name was later changed to Onondaga. The village became a thriving community in the mid-19th century because of the Buffalo, Brantford, and Goderich Railway station located here. Schools, churches, hotels and taverns, grist and sawmills, blacksmith shops, stores and small manufacturing shops developed.

The Grand River Navigation Company played an important role in the establishment of the Village of Middleport. On November 7, 1848 navigation was opened on the Grand River from Brantford to Dunnville through a series of locks and dams. Middleport, founded by John Solomon Hager, was midway between the locks at Brantford and the Village of Caledonia making it an important port.

Architectural Photos, Mount Pleasant, Ontario
849 Mount Pleasant Road – circa 1850s – Italianate home – Archibald McEwen, a prosperous farmer and merchant, had a store on the same property.
Architectural Photos, Mount Pleasant, Ontario
726 Mount Pleasant Road – circa 1870s – Owned by Dr. Duncan Marquis, a highly-regarded local doctor, this charming vernacular frame house in the unusual dormer style was probably built in the 1870s and is essentially unaltered.
Architectural Photos, Mount Pleasant, Ontario
704 Mount Pleasant Road – Devlin’s Country Bistro – 1834 – This Neo-Gothic former general store and post office has been a landmark in the village since it was built in 1834. It is the birthplace of Arthur Sturgis Hardy, a prominent lawyer and the fourth Premier of Ontario.
Architectural Photos, Mount Pleasant, Ontario
657 Mount Pleasant Road – Abraham Cooke built this Georgian/Greek Revival mansion circa 1840. When Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada Lord Elgin visited in 1846, he was so impressed he asked for the privilege of naming it “Brucefield” after his family.
Architectural Photos, Mount Pleasant, Ontario
646 Mount Pleasant Road – Scape Spa – This circa 1850 Neo-Gothic style octagon is the only survivor of three similar buildings in Mount Pleasant. Shoemaker Richard Tennant took eight years to build it. Belvedere on the roof.
Architectural Photos, Mount Pleasant, Ontario
641 Mount Pleasant Road – This farmhouse was built in 1860 in distinctive Regency style evident in the long front windows in fitted panels. The bay window has Victorian details. Both the Phelps and McAllister families have a multi-generation history in the village reaching back to the early 1800s.
Architectural Photos, Mount Pleasant, Ontario
637 Mount Pleasant Road – Emily Townsend House, circa 1860s – Alvah Townsend built this house for his daughter. It is a Neo-Gothic style home which has been well maintained.
Architectural Photos, Mount Pleasant, Ontario
597 Mount Pleasant Road – Georgian Revival built circa 1848 for landowner and carriage maker Alvah Townsend. The style exhibits the horizontal profile and symmetrical arrangement of doors and windows.
Architectural Photos, Mount Pleasant, Ontario
538 Mount Pleasant Road – The Phelps-Guest House, circa 1840s, was built in three stages. The original home was of stone construction with a board and batten addition to the rear and a buff brick Italianate addition added to the front in the 1880s.
Architectural Photos, Mount Pleasant, Ontario
94 Tutela Heights Road – The Bell Homestead was built in 1858 by the original owner and builder Robert Morton. It was here on July 26, 1874 during his summer vacation that Alexander Graham Bell discovered the fundamental concept for the telephone. He returned to Brantford from Boston, Massachusetts in September 1875 at which time he drafted the patent specifications for the device. In 1876 Bell set up and completed the world’s first long distance telephone call between Brantford and Paris. The homestead evokes the formative influence of Bell’s father, an authority on the acoustics of speech, and of his mother who was deaf. They stimulated their son’s lifelong interest in teaching the deaf to speak, a passion that proved crucial to the discovery of the telephone.
Architectural Photos, Newport, Ontario
255 River Road, Newport – The Thomas house was built in 1835 at 1030 Colborne Street East by Captain Joseph Thomas on land purchased by his father John Thomas who helped build the Mohawk Chapel. John was a close friend of Captain Joseph Brant. The walls are one foot thick and the double-stud main frame is made of 12” x 12” beams. Massive fireplaces were built up from the lower level indicating that the masons did this work before the framers began. In 1993, to make way for development on Colborne Street, the house was cut in half and moved to where it sits today on top of the small hill on River Road. The owner has lovingly been restoring this home to its former glory.
Architectural Photos, Onondaga, Ontario
744 Highway 54, Onondaga
Architectural Photos, Onondaga, Ontario
1037 Highway 54 – Chiefswood was built from 1853-1856 by Chief George Johnson for his English wife Emily Howells. The two cultural traditions were blended in the construction of the house in the Italianate style. It has two front doors – one facing the Grand River and the other the highway. The large two-storey mansion is symmetrical with matching French windows. One of George and Emily’s children was Emily Pauline Johnson, the famous Indian poetess. Among her works are: “The Song My Paddle Sings” and “Train Dogs.” Check them out at http://www.bartleby.com/246/1267.html
Architectural Photos, Middleport, Ontario
518 Baptist Church Road, Middleport – Gothic Revival, corner quoins
Architectural Photos, Middleport, Ontario
291 Baptist Church Road, Middleport – Howden Home and Barns, 1883 – In 1856, Thomas Howden and his wife Jane came from Ireland and purchased this 100 acre farm. Their eleven children grew up here. There are 14 rooms, 3 sets of stairs, and more than 50 windows and doors. Three gables trimmed bargeboard contain Gothic windows. The front and side verandas are enclosed with pairs of rounded arched windows and the small gable on the front veranda contains a tiny Gothic window. Quoins accent the corners of the house.
Architectural Photos, Middleport, Ontario
301 Big Creek Road, Middleport – Cherwell House, circa 1850s – 1½-storey brick farmhouse – buff brick quoins on the corners, buff brick highlights around windows and door and a frieze at the top of the first storey elevation.

Burford, Ontario in Colour Photos Book 2 – My Top 8 Picks

Burford is in the County of Brant and is located eight kilometers west of the City of Brantford along Highway 53, and seventy kilometers east of London.

 In 1793 Lieutenant-Governor Simcoe granted to Abraham Dayton the entire Township of Burford. Dayton was a native of Milford, Connecticut. The township was to become the “new Jerusalem” for a religious sect with which he was affiliated. Dayton broke his ties with the sect and settled just west of the present village of Burford. He was responsible for bringing several families into the township and by the spring of 1797 the new settlement consisted of twenty-one families. Abraham Dayton died March 1, 1797 after a prolonged illness. Abigail Dayton, Abraham’s widow, later married Colonel Joel Stone and moved to Gananoque where she lived until her death in 1843 at the age of 93.The Dayton’s only child, Abiah, was the wife of Benajah Mallory and she and her husband followed her parents into this township. Benajah Mallory became a man of considerable influence and by 1805 was elected Member of the Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada representing Norfolk, Oxford, and Middlesex. In June 1812, war was declared against Upper Canada by the United States. During the course of the war, Mallory accepted a commission in the U.S. forces and was considered a traitor back home. Benajah Mallory became outlawed and his land was forfeited to the Crown.

John Yeigh, his wife Mary and their children Jacob, John Junior, Adam,Henry and Eva arrived in Burford from Pennsylvania by covered wagon in June1800. The family cleared land, farmed and established the first pottery in the Burford area. Jacob and Adam distinguished themselves in the War of 1812 and were also active participants in the 1837 Rebellion.

Mount Vernon was originally named Springfield and subsequently Chequered Sheds because the posts were painted in black and white checkerboard fashion to mark several parking spots for rigs at the hotel across from Kenny’s Store. The present name, according to oral history, was given by a railway company in honor of the home of George Washington, the first president of the United States.

Thomas Perrin laid out the village. He established the first store in 1835, built the first sawmill in 1840 and the first gristmill in 1845.

Bishopsgate is located on Highway 53 between Mount Vernon and Burford.

Langford is located on Highway 2/53 east of Fairchild’s Creek about three kilometers east of Cainsville. The village was named for Jacob Lang, an early settler who came from Pennsylvania to this area bout 1807. United Empire Loyalists settled here in the late 1700s. Several streams flowing south gave power to saw and grist mills in the area. A brickyard and a blacksmith shop were established here. The first post office was called Lang’s Ford as all of the travelers had to ford the swampy stream in the hollow just east of Jacob Lang’s farm. Later the name was changed to Langford.

Architectural Photos, Burford, Ontario
280 Maple Avenue South – built in Neo-Classic style by W. H. Metcalf – hipped roof, cornice brackets, raised corner quoins; Metcalf Family Crest carved in the wall
Architectural Photos, Burford, Ontario
358 Maple Avenue South – Italianate – dichromatic brickwork on corners
Architectural Photos, Burford, Ontario
363 Maple Avenue South – built in the Queen Anne style by George Holt with a wraparound porch with wooden pillars. The upper storey has a bay window with one gable and cornice returns and rounded windows. There is decorative fretting under the eaves.
Architectural Photos, Burford, Ontario
374 Maple Avenue South – cornice brackets, corner quoins
Architectural Photos, Burford, Ontario
114 Fairfield Road – 1891 – Jacob Williams built this house of red brick with a slate roof, beautiful stained glass windows and decorative brickwork over and under the windows. Front and side porches are original.
Architectural Photos, Burford, Ontario
212 Bishopsgate Road – corner quoins, verge board trim on gable, second floor balcony
Architectural Photos, Burford, Ontario
270 Bishopsgate Road – This Georgian house has elaborate porch arches and gingerbread with intricate fretwork. The windows are six over six panes.
Architectural Photos, Burford, Ontario
300 Bishopsgate Road – 1860 – This house has a beautiful field stone façade with extensive use of finely dressed limestone quoins, lintels and window labels.

Burford, Ontario in Colour Photos – My Top 9 Picks

Burford, Ontario in Colour Photos – My Top 9 Picks

Burford is in the County of Brant and is located eight kilometers west of the City of Brantford along Highway 53, and seventy kilometers east of London.

In 1793 Lieutenant-Governor Simcoe granted to Abraham Dayton the entire Township of Burford. Dayton was a native of Milford, Connecticut. The township was to become the “new Jerusalem” for a religious sect with which he was affiliated. Dayton broke his ties with the sect and settled just west of the present village of Burford. He was responsible for bringing several families into the township and by the spring of 1797 the new settlement consisted of twenty-one families. Abraham Dayton died March 1, 1797 after a prolonged illness. Abigail Dayton, Abraham’s widow, later married Colonel Joel Stone and moved to Gananoque where she lived until her death in 1843 at the age of 93. The Dayton’s only child, Abiah, was the wife of Benajah Mallory and she and her husband followed her parents into this township. Benajah Mallory became a man of considerable influence and by 1805 was elected Member of the Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada representing Norfolk, Oxford, and Middlesex. In June 1812, war was declared against Upper Canada by the United States. During the course of the war, Mallory accepted a commission in the U.S. forces and was considered a traitor back home. Benajah Mallory became outlawed and his land was forfeited to the Crown.

John Yeigh, his wife Mary and their children Jacob, John Junior, Adam, Henry and Eva arrived in Burford from Pennsylvania by covered wagon in June 1800. The family cleared land, farmed and established the first pottery in the Burford area. Jacob and Adam distinguished themselves in the War of 1812 and were also active participants in the 1837 Rebellion.

Architecural Photos, Burford, Ontario

306 Highway 53 – Farrington House – 1883 – built by James Farrington – Italianate style with buff brick, decorative red string course and arches over the Roman style windows. The original front and side porches have gingerbread trim. James Farrington traveled to California during the gold rush as was involved in many successful business enterprises including ranching, gold and silver mining and high plains freighting

Architecural Photos, Burford, Ontario

378 West Quarter Townline Road – Heritage Property – This house has Roman influenced windows with alternating brick to simulate quoining and geometric shapes such as diamonds in the apex of the gable ends. It has three gable ends and both a front and side porch.

Architecural Photos, Burford, Ontario

110 King Street – Dr. Hervey Ross House – 1851 – It is usually called “The Miller House” and is a rare example of a Regency winged temple building. It is called a “winged plan” because it has a one and a half storey central body with flanking one-storey wings. Decorative features are fancy verge board along the front gable and French casement style windows.

Architecural Photos, Burford, Ontario

126 King Street – Post Office – A.D. 1914 – Two-storey smooth red brick structure has ashlar stone lintels and string courses at the window liens. It is sometimes called Edwardian in style because it was built during the reign of King Edward VII. The clock tower is a landmark for the business district.

Architectural Photos, Burford, Ontario

150 King Street – Armoury – 1906 – The central tower has a Roman arched window and Gothic detail as well as battlementing. The double front doors have a stained glass transom. It was used by the 1st Cavalry 2nd 10th Brant Dragoons for training and recreation. It served as a hospital during the flu epidemic of 1918 and a temporary high school in 1921. During the War of 1812, Burford became an important post, being located between Ancaster and Detroit. The military parade ground was located on this property and occupied most of what is now the residential block between William and Jarvis Streets.

Architectural Photos, Burford, Ontario

155 King Street – Heritage Property – c. 1835 – Sprowl House – Doric columns support a sleeper veranda used on hot summer nights. The six over six windows are original. This is the former home of A.D. Muir who was active in the militia and joined the Burford Troop of Cavalry in 1881. In 1813, following the defeat of the Canadians at the battle of Moraviantown (west of London), General Proctor persuaded a group of nearly 3000 native warriors and their families to retreat with him to a powerful for, which he claimed to be at Burford. Some of this group encamped her (across from the military parade grounds) while the rest of the group was located west of the village by the creek.

Architecural Photos, Burford, Ontario

158 King Street – dormers, iron cresting around second floor balcony

Architecural Photos, Burford, Ontario

159 King Street – 1888 – Gothic, iron cresting around second floor balcony, cornice brackets, stenciling and decorative veranda pillars, bay window on end of house

Architecural Photos, Burford, Ontario

55 Maple Avenue North – Stuart House – 1886 – was built by Elijah Stuart in the Georgian Symmetry style with Italianate features, segmental arched windows, double brackets under the eaves and quoining on the corners. The double-hung front door has a fanlight and the second floor door has a keystone arch linking the same color detail line across the front of the house.

St. George, Ontario – Book 2 in Colour Photos – My Top 15 Picks

St. George, Ontario – Book 2 in Colour Photos – My Top 15 Picks

The County of Brant is located at the mid-point of the Grand River as it flows south from Luther Marsh to Lake Erie.

In 1852 the City of Brantford, the Village of Paris, and the Townships of Brantford, Oakland, Onondaga, South Dumfries, and Burford became Brant County.

Two hundred years ago, Obed Wilson ventured forth seeking an area in Upper Canada in which to settle. He discovered a place with fertile land, sparkling water and natural beauty which enticed him to stay and build a log cabin. Eventually the vision grew into the Village of St. George.

St. George, located to the north of the City of Brantford, is in the Township of South Dumfries. It was founded in 1814. John and Peter Bauslaugh were early settlers in St. George, and the early name of the village was “Bauslaugh Mills” in honor of John Bauslaugh who owned a sawmill near Highway 99. Main Street began to develop in the 1820s when Henry Moe began selling fish and dry goods from the first log building. By 1832, the village had three churches and several businesses. Today Main Street continues to thrive with many of the original buildings from the 1800s attracting people to the antique shops, cafes and restaurants.

The community around Bethel Road with Rest Acres Road to the east and Bishopsgate Road to the west was settled in the 1830s. The major industry in this area was farming. Some of its first settlers were the Gurneys, McAllisters (wagon maker), Aulsebrooks, Lovetts and Major Arnold Burrowes whose 1,000 acre estate was known as Strathmore. On his estate Major Burrowes constructed a mill dam, stock pens, hop mill, a distillery, a grist mill and a plaster mill.

The Township of Oakland includes the towns of Scotland and Oakland. It has a rich history.

Scotland is located on the Burford/Oakland township line. The village was surveyed and laid out by Eliakim Malcolm. The first hotel opened in 1830, the first story in 1837 and the first post office in 1855. Malcolm’s Creek had enough waterpower to sustain several industries such as a woolen mill, gristmill, tannery and foundry. Other early industries were a cooperage, a wagon and carriage works, carriage and buggy works and a starch factory. Two doctors and a lawyer practiced in Scotland in the mid-1800s.

The Village of Oakland is located three kilometers east of Scotland on the Oakland Road. Oakland was named for a ridge of oak trees that ran through it. In 1850, the first municipal office was at the Oakland Post Office. A town hall was built in 1854 and Council met there until the early 1900s. Oakland had a grist mill in 1806, saw mill in 1807, a cheese factory, cider mill, three general stores, a shoemaker, harness maker, and a hotel.

Oakland is the site of the Battle of Malcolm Mills which was the last land battle of the War of 1812 on Canadian soil against an official foreign power. The battle took place at the stream that runs through Lion’s Park. In October 1814, an invading American force of about seven hundred men under Brigadier-General Duncan McArthur advanced rapidly up the Thames Valley. He intended to devastate the Grand River settlements and the region around the head of Lake Ontario, which supplied British forces on the Niagara Frontier. McArthur reached the Grand, and after an unsuccessful attempt to force a crossing, attacked a body of about one hundred and fifty militia at Malcom’s Mills (Oakland) on November 6th. Canadian forces put up a spirited resistance but were overwhelmed.

Architectural Photos, St. George, Ontario

356 St. George Road – hipped roof with dormers

Architectural Photos, St. George, Ontario

125 McLean School Road – Italianate, cornice brackets, two-storey bay window, corner quoins

Architectural Photos, St. George, Ontario

86 McLean School Road – Smith I. Wait House – circa 1875 – High Victorian and Italianate – three layers of brick for the main part of the house and a two-feet thick stone foundation – cornice brackets, corner quoins, bay window

Architectural Photos, St. George, Ontario

380 Branchton Road – Mayhill Villa/Lewis C. Cope Residence – circa 1867 – Italianate – half-round windows, two sets of original compound chimneys, hipped roof, paired cornice brackets, corner quoins; etched stained glass in the fanlight and sidelights provide an attractive entry

Architectural Photos, St. George, Ontario

Glen Morris Road East – cut stone railway bridge constructed in 1854 by the Great Western Railway Company over Glen Morris Road East to link Harrisburg with Galt. It is a beautiful example of masonry work with its double arches with keystones which allow both the road and stream to pass under it.

Architectural Photos, St. George, Ontario

254 Glen Morris Road East – Italianate – two-storey frontispiece, verge board trim and finial on gable, cornice brackets, corner quoins, dentil molding, fanlight

Architectural Photos Ontario

359 Regional Road 35 (Blue Lake Road) – circa 1830 – Neo-Gothic style farmhouse – Adelaide Hoodless was born here in St. George, the youngest of twelve children. Her father died a few months after her birth. Her mother, Jane Hamilton Hunter, was left to manage the farm and a large household. Perhaps the hard work and isolation of her youth inspired Adelaide to take up the cause of domestic reform years later. After her schooling in a one-room schoolhouse, she stayed with her sister Lizzie while attending ‘Ladies College’ in Brantford, Ontario. While there, she met John Hoodless who was also the close friend of her sister Lizzie’s future husband, Seth Charlton. John Hoodless was the only surviving son of a successful Hamilton furniture manufacturer (Joseph Hoodless). Adelaide married John Hoodless and moved to Hamilton. Adelaide and John had four children: Edna, Muriel, Bernard and John Harold.

Architectural Photos, Bethel Road, Ontario

Bethel Road – Gothic – verge board trim on gable

Architectural Photos, Bethel Road, Ontario

Bethel Road – multi-colored stone

Architectural Photos, St. George, Ontario

308 Robinson Road – Apps Mill – 1846 – The Apps family operated it as a flour mill using Whiteman Creek for power until 1959 when hurricane Hazel flooded the entire bottom floor. It has horizontal wood siding and six over six windows.

Architectural Photos, Oakland, Ontario

154 Oakland Road – Oakland United Church – (Methodist Church – 1886) – Gothic Revival, lancet windows, dichromatic brickwork, buttresses

Architectural Photos, Oakland, Ontario

129 Oakland Road, Oakland – Built by Mordecai Westbrook, a member of one of the original families of Oakland. Georgian style with original double hung six over six windows and shutters. The walls are triple-bricked with bricks said to have been made on site. The widow’s walk and rear stone coach house are both original.

Architectural Photos, Oakland, Ontario

Oakland Road, Oakland, Ontario

Architectural Photos, Scotland, Ontario

Oakland Road, Scotland – dichromatic brickwork

Architectural Photos, Scotland, Ontario

27 Talbot Street – 1890 – is an early Queen Anne style featuring a wraparound veranda with elaborate scroll work, spool work and patterned brick work with a string course at the frieze. Rusticated brick is used to ornament the principal window drip mold. Cornice return around the dormer bulls-eye window.

St. George, Ontario – Book 1 in Colour Photos – My Top 12 Picks

St. George, Ontario – Book 1 in Colour Photos – My Top 12 Picks

The County of Brant is located at the mid-point of the Grand River as it flows south from Luther Marsh to Lake Erie. In Brant, the river flows through an area of rich farmland and Carolinian forest. The river was used for water power and transportation. European settlers first arrived in Burford Township in 1793 and began to settle in the rest of the County soon after.

In 1852 the City of Brantford, the Village of Paris, and the Townships of Brantford, Oakland, Onondaga, South Dumfries, and Burford became Brant County.

Two hundred years ago, Obed Wilson ventured forth seeking an area in Upper Canada in which to settle. He discovered a place with fertile land, sparkling water and natural beauty which enticed him to stay and build a log cabin. Eventually the vision grew into the Village of St. George.

St. George, located to the north of the City of Brantford, is in the Township of South Dumfries. It was founded in 1814. John and Peter Bauslaugh were early settlers in St. George, and the early name of the village was “Bauslaugh Mills” in honor of John Bauslaugh who owned a sawmill near Highway 99. Main Street began to develop in the 1820s when Henry Moe began selling fish and dry goods from the first log building. By 1832, the village had three churches and several businesses. Today Main Street continues to thrive with many of the original buildings from the 1800s attracting people to the antique shops, cafes and restaurants.

Architectural Photos, St. George, Ontario

6 Thompson Street – Two Roses Bed & Breakfast – Italianate – bay window with balcony, corner quoins

Architectural Photos, St. George, Ontario

21 West Street – Gothic Revival – iron cresting above bay window

Architectural Photos, St. George, Ontario

Beverly Street West – Gothic – dichromatic brickwork, corner quoins, voussoirs

Architectural Photos, St. George, Ontario

69 Beverly Street West – 2nd floor balcony

Architectural Photos, St. George, Ontario

39 Beverly Street West – St. George School – 1893 – It remained in use as a school until another one was built behind it in 1973. Today, a nursery school and day care center operate here.

Architectural Photos, St. George, Ontario

41 Main Street South – Snowball Grist Mill – 1871 – William Snowball began construction of this cut and dressed stone flour mill in 1869. In the summer of 1885, steam power was added and alterations were made 6that enabled the mill to turn out two hundred barrels of flour per day. It operated as St. George Feed & Seed Mill from 1967 to 1993.

Architectural Photos, St. George, Ontario

23 Main Street South

Architectural Photos, St. George, Ontario

34-36 Main Street South – Howell Block – 1891 – Alternating quoins on the corners of the building and ornamental arches with center keystones over the windows are of contrasting color. Since 1924, the stone building has housed the post office, library and space for community groups. Now it is the home of the South Dumfries Historical Society.

Architectural Photos, St. George, Ontario

13 Main Street South – Sunnyside – c. 1888 – was constructed by Dr. E.E. Kitchen. It was the heartbeat of Main Street. It was the home of the inaugural meeting of the St. George Women’s Institute, January 13, 1903. This Romanesque Revival mansion was built as a residence and doctor’s office. On the third floor there was a ballroom.

Architectural Photos, St. George, Ontario

High Street – Italianate – two-storey frontispiece, corner quoins, cornice brackets, voussoirs

Architectural Photos, St. George, Ontario

18 Beverly Street East – Italianate – paired cornice brackets, dentil molding, corner quoins, dichromatic brickwork

Architectural Photos, St. George, Ontario

19 Beverly Street East – Gothic – paired cornice brackets, corner quoins, bay window

Paris, Ontario – Book 3 in Colour Photos – My Top 13 Picks

Paris, Ontario – Book 3 in Colour Photos – My Top 13 Picks

Paris, Ontario is located on the Grand River. It was first settled by Hiram Capron a native of Vermont who, in 1822, emigrated to Norfolk County where he helped to establish one of Upper Canada’s earliest iron foundries. He settled here at the Forks of the Grand (where the Grand and Nith Rivers meet) in 1829, divided part of his land into town lots, and in 1830 constructed a grist-mill and named the town after the gypsum deposits that were mined nearby. Gypsum is used to make plaster of Paris.

Records from 1846 indicate that the settlement, in a hilly area called Oak Plains, was divided into the upper town and the lower town. In addition to successful farmers in the area, the community of 1,000 people (Americans, Scottish, English, and Irish) was thriving. Manufacturing had already begun, with industries powered by the river. A great deal of plaster was being exported and there were three mills, a tannery, a woolen factory, a foundry, and many tradesmen. Five churches had been built; and the post office was receiving mail three times a week.

While the telephone was invented at Brantford, Ontario in 1874, Alexander Graham Bell made the first transmission to a distance between Brantford and Paris on August 3, 1876.

The use of cobblestones to construct buildings was introduced to the area by Levi Boughton when he erected St. James Church in 1839; this was the first cobblestone structure in Paris. Two churches and ten homes, all in current use, are made of numerous such stones taken from the rivers. Other architectural styles that are visible in the downtown area include Edwardian, Gothic and Post Modern.

The Township of South Dumfries is situated in the north part of the County of Brant. The earliest settlements were in and around the Village of St. George. Two vital factors of the area which caused settlers to locate here were flowing wells and excellent farm land.

The first establishments in the township were a grist mill in 1817, a distillery in 1818, a grocery store in 1820, a log school in 1823, and a post office in 1833. The first church was opened as a Baptist Church in 1824. The Village of Harrisburg was laid out in 1855 at the junction of the Wellington, Grey &* Bruce and Great Western railways. Glen Morris was laid out in 1q848 on the banks of the Grand River twelve miles from Brantford.

Harrisburg

In the mid-1800s, Harrisburg was a stop on the Great Western Railway serving as a shipping point for St. George and area. About 1854, a branch line twelve miles long from Harrisburg to Galt opened and Harrisburg got its first train station. In 1882, the Great Western Railway was absorbed by the Grand Trunk Railway.

Glen Morris

The village of Glen Morris is on both sides of the Grand River with most of the historical buildings on the east side along East River Road. Glen Morris was first known as Dawson’s Bridge as it was John Dawson who built a sawmill and bridge in 1833 across the Grand River. In 1840, the settlement was renamed Middleton. Samuel Latshaw laid out the village in 1848 and in 1851 it was named Glen Morris in honor of their Postmaster.

Architectural Photos, Paris, Ontario

Baird Street – Gothic style with verge board trim on chipped gables, cobblestone pillars supporting verandah

Architectural Photos, Paris, Ontario

87 Willow Street – Second Empire style – mansard roof, tall windows, dormers

Architectural Photos, Paris, Ontario

51 St. Andrew Street – Regency Cottage

Architectural Photos, Paris, Ontario

33 Oak Avenue – 1854 – built by David Patton and his wife Matilda (Killips) Patton – 1½-storey Gothic Revival style of cobblestone and field stone construction. The main façade fable is decorated with gingerbread and has a set of Gothic windows. Three walls are cobblestone and the rear of the house is of cut stone

Architectural Photos, Paris, Ontario

963 Keg Lane Road – The Deans family of 6 first lived in a single-storey log cabin on the corner of the property. After 7 more children arrived, construction began on this house. In 1862 construction was completed with cobblestone walls on three sides. The trellised stone verandah closely matches the original one; all the shutters are original

Architectural Photos, Paris, Ontario

207 West River Road – George Brown residence – Construction began in 1854 and was completed in 1862 – it took years to accumulate all the matching cobblestones. It is reflective of the traditional Ontario Cottage style in the Revival tradition.

Architectural Photos, Harrisburg, Ontario

100 German School Road, Harrisburg – Gothic Revival, cornice brackets, bay window, corner quoins

Architectural Photos, Harrisburg, Ontario

96 German School Road, Brant County 33, Harrisburg – hipped roof, dormers, bay window

Architectural Photos, Glen Morris, Ontario

448 McPherson School Road, Glen Morris – Samuel Latshaw residence – 1860 – The walls are made of rubble stone with cut stone around the windows.

Architectural Photos, Glen Morris, Ontario

289 Pinehurst Road – This fieldstone house of Provincial Scottish Victorian architecture was built in 1860 for one of the early settlers in this area, John Maus. The stone for this farmer’s residence and carriage house came from local fields.

Architectural Photos, Glen Morris, Ontario

705 Paris Plains Church Road – Church – 1845 – Gothic Revival – cobblestone construction; lancet windows, cornice return on gable

Architectural Photos, Glen Morris, Ontario

716 Watts Pond Road, Glen Morris – Italianate, paired cornice brackets, half-round windows, sidelights and transom windows

Architectural Photos, Glen Morris, Ontario

2½-storey – Italianate – stone, bay windows, cornice brackets

Paris, Ontario – Book 2 in Colour Photos – My Top 13 Picks

Paris, Ontario – Book 2 in Colour Photos – My Top 13 Picks

Paris, Ontario is located on the Grand River.  It was first settled by Hiram Capron a native of Vermont who, in 1822, emigrated to Norfolk County where he helped to establish one of Upper Canada’s earliest iron foundries.  He settled here at the Forks of the Grand (where the Grand and Nith Rivers meet) in 1829, divided part of his land into town lots, and in 1830 constructed a grist-mill and named the town after the gypsum deposits that were mined nearby. Gypsum is used to make plaster of Paris.

The use of cobblestones to construct buildings was introduced to the area by Levi Boughton when he erected St. James Church in 1839; this was the first cobblestone structure in Paris. Two churches and ten homes, all in current use, are made of numerous such stones taken from the rivers. Other architectural styles that are visible in the downtown area include Edwardian, Gothic and Post Modern.

Dominion Day 1879 began at six a.m. with the ringing of all the town bells. Sports and games were played throughout the day – lacrosse, cricket, boat races, jumping contests, and foot races with prizes for the winners. In the evening there were bonfires and fireworks.

Since its earliest days, Paris was the site of gypsum beds. When ground to a powder in a mill, gypsum, or Plaster of Paris, could be used as a fertilizer, to coat the interior walls of a home, or for casts to set broken bones.

Jim Percival created scale models of the thirteen cobblestone buildings in Paris.

Architectural Photos, Paris, Ontario

42 Broadway Street East – Gouinlock House – is a one-storey, rubble-stone, building constructed in 1845. The Gouinlock House is associated with John Penman, one of Paris’s leading early industrialists and the co-founder of the Penman Manufacturing Company Limited. Penman rented this home, in the mid-1880s, while his permanent residence, Penmarvian, was under renovation. The Gouinlock House is thought to be the only solid rubble-stone building in Paris. This home features local materials and skilled craftsmanship. The exterior of the home was parging and etched to resemble cut stone blocks or coursed ashlar. The more notable features of this home include the large windows, the chimneys, the etched glass doors and the woodwork. Though both the enclosed verandah and a rear portion of the home were additions, the use of rubble-stone and the sympathetic design maintained the integrity of the home.

Architectural Photos, Paris, Ontario

165 Grand River Street North was built by Levi Boughton for Norman and Elizabeth Hamilton, Americans who arrived in Paris about 1831. Norman was a wealthy local industrialist, miller and brewer. This three-storey cobblestone building is designed in the Greek Revival style c. 1839-1844 – it appears to be 1½-storeys in height – the second storey windows are set in light-wells in the verandah roof and are concealed from view by the deep architrave of the verandah. The pillars are square. The triple hung windows on the front façade can be opened so that you can walk out onto the verandah. A lower basement walk-out floor exits to the rear yard. The Hamilton’s son-in-law, Paul Wickson, used the belvedere as his art studio; he specialized in painting animals and rural scenes. An addition was added in 1861 to accommodate visiting family members.

Architectural Photos, Paris, Ontario

165 Grand River Street North – scale model

Architectural Photos, Paris, Ontario

185 Grand River Street North – Penmarvian Retirement Home was built in 1845 by the founder of Paris, Hiram Capron, as a modest two storey building. In 1887 local industrialist John Penman purchased the home and added the Victorian turrets, towers and arches.

Architectural Photos, Paris, Ontario

184 Grand River Street North – built in 1886 in the Italianate style for Captain Cox who was Postmaster of Paris – square tower with half-round windows, iron cresting on roof top; dichromatic brickwork – now the William Kipp Funeral Home

Architectural Photos, Paris, Ontarioario

199 Grand River Street North – red brick – Edwardian style

Architectural Photos, Paris, Ontario

William Street – Italianate style – dichromatic brickwork, banding, two-storey bay windows, hipped roof

Architectural Photos, Paris, Ontario

140 West River Street – 1874 – This was the first of two large textile mills built by Paris industrialist John Penman. Dependent on waterpower in the beginning, a generating plant still stands behind the mill buildings on the bank of the Nith River.

Architectural Photos, Paris, Ontario

55 Banfield Street – hipped roof, corner quoins

Architectural Photos, Paris, Ontario

18 Banfield Street – Edwardian style – Palladian window, turret extending through the roof

Architectural Photos, Paris, Ontario

33 Banfield Street – Italianate with two-storey frontispiece topped by a gable with decorative verge boards and finial

Architectural Photos, Paris, Ontario

1 Banfield Street – built about 1868 by miller Charles Whitlaw – Gothic Revival – verge board trim on gables, compound chimneys

Architectural Photos, Paris, Ontario

36 Jane Street – Italianate – hipped roof, cornice brackets, wraparound verandah, bay window