November, 2016:

Top 4 Roof Styles in Ontario Architecture

Top 4 Roof Styles in Ontario Architecture

Gable Roof

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

13 Lake Avenue, Stoney Creek

  • the triangular portion of a wall between the edges of a sloping roof
  • Jacobean Gable: the gable extends above the roofline

Gambrel Roof

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

King Street, Midland

  • a symmetrical two-sided roof with two slopes on each side
  • the upper slope is positioned at a shallow angle, while the lower slope is steep
  • has vertical gable ends instead of being hipped at the four corners of the building

 

 Hipped Roof

dscf8309-52-burnet-st-oakville-col-siz

 

 

 

 

 

 

52 Burnett Street, Oakville

  • all sides slope downwards to the walls with no gables

 Mansard Roof

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

299 Dundas Street, Waterdown

This style was popularized by Francois Mansart (1598-1666), an accomplished architect of the French Baroque period and especially fashionable during the Second French Empire (1852-1870).

  • This roof is almost flat on the top section, with two slopes on each of its sides with the lower slope at a steeper angle than the upper
  • has dormer windows

 

Top 6 Architectural Styles in Ontario

Top 6 Architectural Styles in Ontario

Edwardian

6-york-st-orangeville

6 York Street, Orangeville, Ontario

  • simple, balanced facades
  • simple rooflines
  • dormer windows
  • large front porches
  • smooth brick surfaces
  • voussoirs and keystones are used sparingly and are understated
  • finials and cresting are absent
  • cornice brackets and braces are block-like
  • openings have flat arches or plain stone lintels

Georgian

481-ridout-street-london

481 Ridout Street, London, Ontario

  • balanced facades around a central door
  • medium-pitched gable roofs
  • small-paned windows.


 

Gothic

63-65-sydenham-st-dundas

63-65 Sydenham Street, Dundas, Ontario

  • decorative buildings with sharply-pitched gables
  • highly detailed verge boards
  • pointed-arch window openings
  • dichromatic brickwork


 

 

Italianate

31-foster-st-perth

31 Foster Street, Perth, Ontario

  • two story rectangular buildings
  • hip roof
  • a projecting frontispiece
  • generous eaves with ornate cornice brackets
  • large sash windows
  • quoins
  • ornate detailing on the windows
  • belvederes
  • wraparound verandahs
  • cast iron cresting
  • elegant window surrounds.

Queen Anne

26-lansdowne-rd-n-galt

26 Lansdowne Road North, Galt, Ontario

  • irregular outline
  • an offset tower
  • broad gables
  • projecting two-storey bays
  • verandahs
  • multi-sloped roofs
  • tall, decorative chimneys
  • a mixture of brick and wood is common

Second Empire

langevin-block-wellington-st-ottawa

Langevin Block, Wellington Street, Ottawa, Ontario

  • mansard roof
  • projecting central towers
  • one or two-storey bays